OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 25 — Dec. 16, 2013
  • pp: 31119–31129

Thermal, spectroscopic and laser characterization of monoclinic vanadate Nd:LaVO4 crystal

Shangqian Sun, Haohai Yu, Yicheng Wang, Huaijin Zhang, and Jiyang Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 25, pp. 31119-31129 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1040 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The monoclinic vanadate Nd:LaVO4 crystal was characterized, including the first investigation of thermal properties and anisotropic laser performance to our knowledge. The thermal properties behave anisotropically with the highest thermal conductivity of 3.27 W/m/K along the c* direction. With a laser diode as the pump source, the efficient continuous-wave (cw) and passively Q-switched monoclinic Nd:LaVO4 crystal lasers were realized, which resulted in the nearly isotropic maximum output power and laser wavelength. The maximum cw output power is 3.56 W with a slope efficiency of 41.4%, and the passively Q-switched pulse width is 10.9 ns with pulse energy of 38.3 μJ. Based on the laser results, the thermal shock parameter anisotropy is calculated to be 1:1.28. The results show that, in contrast to other vanadate crystals, Nd:LaVO4 is a novel laser material with low symmetry.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: October 25, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 4, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 4, 2013
Published: December 10, 2013

Shangqian Sun, Haohai Yu, Yicheng Wang, Huaijin Zhang, and Jiyang Wang, "Thermal, spectroscopic and laser characterization of monoclinic vanadate Nd:LaVO4 crystal," Opt. Express 21, 31119-31129 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. L. Byer, “Diode laser--pumped solid-state lasers,” Science239(4841), 742–747 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.51(23), 1885–1886 (1987). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B58(5), 373–379 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Maunier, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, “Growth, spectroscopic characterization, and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4, a new infrared laser material that is suitable for diode pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(8), 1794–1800 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1289–1291 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2152–2154 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, L. A. Ermakova, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, N. T. Kuznetsov, I. I. Kuratev, A. V. Potemkin, L. N. Raĭskaya, P. A. Tseĭtlin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of lanthanum neodymium magnesium hexaaluminate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.13(8), 1082–1085 (1983). [CrossRef]
  8. L. M. Sun, X. Zhao, Y. L. Li, P. Li, H. G. Sun, X. F. Cheng, and W. L. Fan, “First-principles studies of electronic, optical, and vibrational properties of LaVO4 polymorph,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093519 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Yomogida, M. Higuchi, T. Ogawa, S. Wada, and J. Takahashi, “Float zone growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Nd:LaVO4 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth359, 20–24 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1.064 μm lasing characterization of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innovations14(2), 119–121 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Q. Sun, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. H. Xu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal,” J. Mater. Res.27(19), 2528–2534 (2012). [CrossRef]
  12. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals: Their Representation by Tensors and Matrices (Oxford University, 1985).
  13. Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(6), 920–937 (2013). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, W. Yu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, M. Ba, and R. I. Boughton, “Anisotropic thermal expansion of monoclinic potassium lutetium tungstate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(4), 046101 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. R. S. Krishnan, R. Srinivasan, and S. Devanarayanan, Thermal Expansion of Crystals (Pergamon, 1979).
  16. H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, Z. H. Yang, C. Q. Wang, W. T. Yu, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Thermal and laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.34(8), 1011–1016 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.101(11), 113109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express16(7), 5022–5034 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev.75(6), 972–974 (1949). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “The study of thermo-mechanical and -optical properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4, Lases and Electro-Oprics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007) (CLEO/QELS 2007), 1–5, 2260–2261 (2007).
  21. W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys.32(9), 1679–1684 (1961). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped lasers to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(2), 234–239 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1985).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited