OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 25 — Dec. 16, 2013
  • pp: 31189–31200

Bi-sided integral imaging with 2D/3D convertibility using scattering polarizer

Jiwoon Yeom, Keehoon Hong, Soon-gi Park, Jisoo Hong, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 25, pp. 31189-31200 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1465 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Abstract: We propose a two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) convertible bi-sided integral imaging. The proposed system uses the polarization state of projected light for switching its operation mode between 2D and 3D modes. By using an optical module composed of two scattering polarizers and one linear polarizer, the proposed integral imaging system simultaneously provides 3D images with 2D background images for observers who are located in the front and the rear sides of the system. The occlusion effect between 2D images and 3D images is realized by using a compensation mask for 2D images and the elemental images. The principle of proposed system is experimentally verified.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: October 10, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 5, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 8, 2013
Published: December 11, 2013

Jiwoon Yeom, Keehoon Hong, Soon-gi Park, Jisoo Hong, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee, "Bi-sided integral imaging with 2D/3D convertibility using scattering polarizer," Opt. Express 21, 31189-31200 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer, 2002).
  3. J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues [Invited],” Appl. Opt.50(34), H87–H115 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Sullivan, “DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE5291, 279–284 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci., Paris. CR (East Lansing, Mich.)146, 446–451 (1908).
  7. S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol.8(2), 70–78 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes,” Opt. Lett.26(19), 1481–1482 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Kakeya, S. Sawada, Y. Ueda, and T. Kurokawa, “Integral volumetric imaging with dual layer fly-eye lenses,” Opt. Express20(3), 1963–1968 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Bi-sided volumetric display system utilizing the reflective and transmissive fields of integral imaging,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper DMC5. [CrossRef]
  13. J. Yeom, J. Hong, S.- Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Bi-directional two-dimensional/three-dimensional convertible integral imaging using scattering polarizer,” Proc. SPIE8498, 84980P (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. S. T. de Zwart, W. L. Ijzerman, T. Dekker, and W. A. M. Wolter, “A 20-in. switchable auto-stereoscopic 2D/3D display,” in Proceedings of International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp.1459–1460.
  15. J.-H. Jung, Y. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using an electroluminescent film backlight for three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertibility and a curved structure,” Appl. Opt.48(5), 998–1007 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, J. B. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional-two-dimensional mixed display system using integral imaging with an active pinhole array on a liquid crystal panel,” Appl. Opt.47(13), 2207–2214 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. G. Park, J.-H. Kim, and S.-W. Min, “Polarization distributed depth map for depth-fused three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express19(5), 4316–4323 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94(3), 591–607 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Hong, Y. Kim, S. G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “3D/2D convertible projection-type integral imaging using concave half mirror array,” Opt. Express18(20), 20628–20637 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. Hong, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Rectification of elemental image set and extraction of lens lattice by projective image transformation in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(11), 12002–12016 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D.-H. Shin, S.-H. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical display of true 3D objects in depth-priority integral imaging using an active sensor,” Opt. Commun.275(2), 330–334 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17(9), 1683–1684 (1978). [CrossRef]
  23. S.-W. Min, K. S. Park, B. Lee, Y. Cho, and M. Hahn, “Enhanced image mapping algorithm for computer-generated integral imaging system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(28), L744–L747 (2006). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Kim, S. G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Projection-type integral imaging system using multiple elemental image layers,” Appl. Opt.50(7), B18–B24 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional projection integral imaging using micro-convex-mirror arrays,” Opt. Express12(6), 1077–1083 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. Okui, J. Arai, Y. Nojiri, and F. Okano, “Optical screen for direct projection of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.45(36), 9132–9139 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea14(2), 121–126 (2010). [CrossRef]
  28. D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Effect of illumination in an integral imaging system with large depth of focus,” Appl. Opt.44(36), 7749–7753 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem,” Opt. Express13(15), 5769–5776 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. Arai, H. Kawai, and F. Okano, “Microlens arrays for integral imaging system,” Appl. Opt.45(36), 9066–9078 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Solution of pseudoscopic problem in integral imaging for real-time processing,” Opt. Lett.38(1), 76–78 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (1992 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (1567 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1992 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (1567 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited