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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2013
  • pp: 31940–31950

Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Matthias Wichmann, Mohammad Khaled Shakfa, Fan Zhang, Bernd Heinen, Maik Scheller, Arash Rahimi-Iman, Wolfgang Stolz, Jerome V. Moloney, Stephan W. Koch, and Martin Koch  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 26, pp. 31940-31950 (2013)

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The longitudinal multi-mode emission in a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser is investigated using both single shot streak camera measurements and interferometric measurement techniques. For this, the laser is operated in the single- and two-color emission regime using both an etalon and a free-running configuration without etalon, respectively. The laser emission is analyzed with respect to pump power and output coupling losses for a long and for a short resonator. We observe a steep increase of emission bandwidth close to the laser threshold and monitor the transition between longitudinal single- and multi-mode operation. Additionally, the results indicate that a stable two-color operation is related to a sufficiently high number of oscillating longitudinal modes within each color.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: October 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 11, 2013
Published: December 16, 2013

Matthias Wichmann, Mohammad Khaled Shakfa, Fan Zhang, Bernd Heinen, Maik Scheller, Arash Rahimi-Iman, Wolfgang Stolz, Jerome V. Moloney, Stephan W. Koch, and Martin Koch, "Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Express 21, 31940-31950 (2013)

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