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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2013
  • pp: 32111–32122

Performance of parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA)

Chi Zhang, Xiaoming Wei, and Kenneth K. Y. Wong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 26, pp. 32111-32122 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.032111


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Abstract

Parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA) is an entirely new wavelength resolving modality that focuses the spectral information on the temporal axis, enables ultrafast frame rate, and provides comparable resolution and sensitivity to the state-of-art optical spectrum analyzer (OSA). Generally, spectroscopy relies on the allocation of the spectrum onto the spatial or temporal domain, and the Czerny-Turner monochromator based conventional OSA realizes the spatial allocation by a dispersive grating, while the mechanical rotation limits its operation speed. On the other hand, the PASTA system performs the spectroscopy function by a time-lens focusing mechanism, which all-optically maps the spectral information on the temporal axis, and realizes the single-shot spectrum acquisition. Therefore, the PASTA system provides orders of magnitude improvement on the frame rate, as high as megahertz or even gigahertz in principle. In addition to the implementation of the PASTA system, in this paper, we will primarily discuss its performance, including the tradeoff between the frame rate and the wavelength range, factors that affect the wavelength resolution, the conversion efficiency, the power saturation and the polarization sensitivity. Detection bandwidth and high-order dispersion introduced limitations are also under investigation. All these analyses not only provide an overall guideline for the PASTA design, but also help future research in improving and optimizing this new spectrum resolving technology.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2350) Imaging systems : Fiber optics imaging
(120.4140) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Monochromators
(300.6500) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, time-resolved

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: October 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 12, 2013
Published: December 18, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Chi Zhang, Xiaoming Wei, and Kenneth K. Y. Wong, "Performance of parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA)," Opt. Express 21, 32111-32122 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-26-32111


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