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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2013
  • pp: 32130–32140

Suppressing phase decoherence of a single atom qubit with Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill sequence

Shi Yu, Peng Xu, Xiaodong He, Min Liu, Jin Wang, and Mingsheng Zhan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 26, pp. 32130-32140 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.032130


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Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the strong suppression of dephasing of a qubit stored in a single 87Rb atom in an optical dipole trap by using Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) pulse sequences. Regarded as a repetition of spin echo, CPMG sequence is an excellent choice for suppressing both inhomogeneous and homogeneous phase decoherence mechanisms. In comparison with atomic ensembles, the dephasing due to atomic collisions disappears for individual atoms. Thus, CPMG suppression effect is efficient with a few π-pulses. In our trap with 830 nm wavelength and 0.7 mK potential depth, the reversible inhomogeneous dephasing time is T 2 * = 1.4 ms. We obtain the homogeneous dephasing time of T′2 = 103 ms in the spin echo process. By employing CPMG sequence with pulse number n = 6, the homogeneous dephasing is further suppressed by a factor of 3, and its corresponding coherence time is extended to T′2 = 304 ms.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(020.7010) Atomic and molecular physics : Laser trapping
(140.3550) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Raman
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing
(020.3320) Atomic and molecular physics : Laser cooling

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

History
Original Manuscript: November 7, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 5, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 9, 2013
Published: December 18, 2013

Citation
Shi Yu, Peng Xu, Xiaodong He, Min Liu, Jin Wang, and Mingsheng Zhan, "Suppressing phase decoherence of a single atom qubit with Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill sequence," Opt. Express 21, 32130-32140 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-26-32130


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