OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2013
  • pp: 32425–32431

Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser

Shiyun Lin, Stevan S. Djordjevic, John E. Cunningham, Ivan Shubin, Ying Luo, Jin Yao, Guoliang Li, Hiren Thacker, Jin-Hyoung Lee, Kannan Raj, Xuezhe Zheng, and Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 26, pp. 32425-32431 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.032425


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1768 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a hybrid III-V/SOI laser by vertically coupling a III-V RSOA chip with a SOI-CMOS chip containing a tunable wavelength selective reflector. We report a waveguide-coupled wall-plug-efficiency of 5.5% and output power of 10 mW. A silicon resistor-based microheater was integrated to thermally tune a ring resonator for precise lasing wavelength control. A high tuning efficiency of 2.2 nm/mW over a range of 18 nm was achieved by locally removing the SOI handler substrate. C-band single mode lasing was confirmed with a side mode suppression ratio of 35 dB. This grating coupler based vertical integration approach can be scaled up in two dimensions for efficient multi-wavelength sources in silicon photonics.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2380) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sources and detectors
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 23, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 1, 2013
Published: December 20, 2013

Citation
Shiyun Lin, Stevan S. Djordjevic, John E. Cunningham, Ivan Shubin, Ying Luo, Jin Yao, Guoliang Li, Hiren Thacker, Jin-Hyoung Lee, Kannan Raj, Xuezhe Zheng, and Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy, "Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser," Opt. Express 21, 32425-32431 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-26-32425


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, G. Li, J. Yao, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Highly-efficient thermally-tuned resonant optical filters,” Opt. Express18(18), 19055–19063 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Li, X. Zheng, H. Thacker, J. Yao, Y. Luo, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “40 Gb/s thermally tunable CMOS ring modulator,” in The 9th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3. [CrossRef]
  3. D. Feng, S. Liao, P. Dong, N.-N. Feng, H. Liang, D. Zheng, C.-C. Kung, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, J. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High-speed Ge photodetector monolithically integrated with large cross-section silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(26), 261105 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. X. Zheng, F. Liu, D. Patil, H. Thacker, Y. Luo, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, J. Yao, G. Li, J. Shi, K. Raj, J. Lexau, E. Alon, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “A sub-picojoule-per-bit CMOS photonic receiver for densely integrated systems,” Opt. Express18(1), 204–211 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, G. Li, J. Shi, P. Amberg, N. Pinckney, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultra-low-energy all-CMOS modulator integrated with driver,” Opt. Express18(3), 3059–3070 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Zheng, D. Patil, J. Lexau, F. Liu, G. Li, H. Thacker, Y. Luo, I. Shubin, J. Li, J. Yao, P. Dong, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, P. Amberg, M. Dayringer, J. Gainsley, H. F. Moghadam, E. Alon, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultra-efficient 10 Gb/s hybrid integrated silicon photonic transmitter and receiver,” Opt. Express19(6), 5172–5186 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express20(21), 23456–23462 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, X. Zheng, G. Li, J. Yao, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, and J. Cunningham, “Exploiting CMOS manufacturing to reduce tuning requirements for resonant optical devices,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 567–579 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM laser sources towards terabyte/s silicon photonic interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
  10. H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express13(23), 9460–9464 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Stankovic, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Jones, M. Sysak, and J. Heck, “1310 nm Evanescent Hybrid III-V/Si Laser Based on DVS-BCB Bonding,” in Advanced Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper IWC3.
  12. N. Fujioka and M. Ishizaka, “Compact and Low power consumption hybrid integrated wavelength tunable laser module using silicon waveguide resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3115–3120 (2010).
  13. T. Akiyama, S. Tanaka, T. Kurahashi, S.-H. Jeong, S. Sekiguchi, Y. Tanaka, and K. Morito, “Wavelength-tuning-free 10-Gb/s operation of a silicon-integrated resonantly-enhanced modulator and single-mode laser,” in The 9th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 358–360. [CrossRef]
  14. K. Nemoto, T. Kita, and H. Yamada, “Narrow spectral linewidth wavelength tunable laser with Si photonic-wire waveguide ring resonators,” in The 9th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 216–218. [CrossRef]
  15. S. Tanaka, S.-H. Jeong, S. Sekiguchi, T. Kurahashi, Y. Tanaka, and K. Morito, “Highly-efficient, low-noise Si hybrid laser using flip-chip bonded SOA,” in Optical Interconnects Conference (IEEE, 2012), pp. 12–13. [CrossRef]
  16. J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating couplers,” in Optical Interconnects Conference (IEEE, 2013), pp. 31–32.
  17. M. Nakahama, H. Sano, S. Inoue, T. Sakaguchi, A. Matsutani, and F. Koyama, “Tuning characteristics of monolithic MEMS VCSELs with oxide anti-reflection layer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.25(18), 1747–1750 (2013). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited