OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2013
  • pp: 32589–32598

Performance evaluation of a burst-mode EDFA in an optical packet and circuit integrated network

Masaki Shiraiwa, Yoshinari Awaji, Hideaki Furukawa, Satoshi Shinada, Benjamin J. Puttnam, and Naoya Wada  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 26, pp. 32589-32598 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2471 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We experimentally investigate the performance of burst-mode EDFA in an optical packet and circuit integrated system. In such networks, packets and light paths can be dynamically assigned to the same fibers, resulting in gain transients in EDFAs throughout the network that can limit network performance. Here, we compare the performance of a ‘burst-mode’ EDFA (BM-EDFA), employing transient suppression techniques and optical feedback, with conventional EDFAs, and those using automatic gain control and previous BM-EDFA implementations. We first measure gain transients and other impairments in a simplified set-up before making frame error-rate measurements in a network demonstration.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.4480) Optical devices : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: November 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 16, 2013
Published: December 23, 2013

Masaki Shiraiwa, Yoshinari Awaji, Hideaki Furukawa, Satoshi Shinada, Benjamin J. Puttnam, and Naoya Wada, "Performance evaluation of a burst-mode EDFA in an optical packet and circuit integrated network," Opt. Express 21, 32589-32598 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Wada, “Photonic technologies for new generation network,” Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP) 2010 Asia, pp.463–464 (Shanghai, China, December, 2010).
  2. H. Harai, “Optical packet and circuit integrated networks,” in 17th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (Brest, France, April, 2013), pp.76–81.
  3. Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, A. K. Srivastava, and L. Zhang, “Analytical formula for the transient response of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Appl. Opt.38(9), 1682–1685 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Neto, A. Klingler, C. Reis, J. P. Girao, A. Teixeira, and P. S. Andre, “EDFA transient assessment for bursty traffic,” in 3rd ICTON Mediterranean Winter Conference MW2009, (Angers, France, December, 2009), no.FrP.6.
  5. C. Tian and S. Kinoshita, “Analysis and control of transient dynamics of EDFA pumped by 1480- and 980-nm lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(8), 1728–1734 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Nagaeda, Y. Horiuchi, Y. Tanaka, N. Shiga, Y. Fukada, K. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “Burst-mode optical amplifier for signals with various burst lengths from 500 ns to 50 us,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Brussels, Belgium, September, 2008), no.P.1.13.
  7. N. Sato, K. Ota, N. Mishima, Y. Oikawa, and N. Shiga, “Less than 0.19-dB transient gain excursion AGC-EDFA with digital control for 20-channel add/drop equivalent operation,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC (Los Angeles, U.S.A., March, 2011), no.OMH3.
  8. K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, K. Tanizawa, S. Namiki, N. Sato, K. Ota, Y. Oikawa, and N. Shiga, “Suppression of transients in an EDFA chain using feed-forward pump control and a high-speed VOA,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC2012 (Los Angeles, U.S.A., March, 2012), no.OW4D.
  9. M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Electron. Lett.27(7), 560–561 (1991). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Zannin and K. Ennser, “Impact of burst size and inter-arrival time in all-optical gain clamping amplification for optical burst switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(6), 855–859 (2013). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, “Impairment in amplification of optical packets regarding the gain transient and nonlinear effect depending on peak power of NRZ payload,” in Proceedings of OECC2007 (Shanghai, China, October, 2007), no.PDP2–4.
  12. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, E. Kong, P. Chan, and R. Man, “Guidelines for amplification of optical packets in WDM environment regarding impact of transient response of erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Comput. Netw.52(10), 2087–2093 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Investigating the limits of optical packet transmission through cascade transient-suppressed EDFAs without regeneration or active gain control,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC2010 (San Diego, U.S.A., March, 2010), no.OThI6.
  14. B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Investigating the performance of a transient-suppressed EDFA in optical packet and burst-switched networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E94-B(7), 1853–1859 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Performance of an advanced transient suppressed EDFA in diverse dynamic optical network scenarios,” in Proceedings of ECOC2009 (Vienna, Austria, September, 2009), no.Tu 5.3.2.
  16. B. J. Puttnam, B. C. Thomsen, A. Lopez, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental investigation of optically gain-clamped EDFAs in dynamic optical-burst-switched network,” J. Opt. Netw.7(2), 151–159 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, “A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFA’s and EDFA cascades,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(4), 1027–1036 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Luo, J. Zyskind, Y. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, and M. A. Ali, “Performance degradation of all-optical gain-clamped EDFA’s due to relaxation-oscillations and spectral-hole burning in amplified WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1346–1348 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Furukawa, H. Harai, T. Miyazawa, S. Shinada, W. Kawasaki, and N. Wada, “Development of optical packet and circuit integrated ring network testbed,” Opt. Express19(26), B242–B250 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. S. Luís, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, and S. Shinada, “Optical link planning guidelines for a hybrid packet and circuit integrated network,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC2013 (Los Angeles, U.S.A., March, 2013), no.JTh2A.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited