OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Feb. 11, 2013
  • pp: 2823–2831

A Bragg beam splitter for hard x-ray free-electron lasers

Taito Osaka, Makina Yabashi, Yasuhisa Sano, Kensuke Tono, Yuichi Inubushi, Takahiro Sato, Satoshi Matsuyama, Tetsuya Ishikawa, and Kazuto Yamauchi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 2823-2831 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.002823


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1756 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report a Bragg beam splitter developed for utilization of hard x-ray free-electron lasers. The splitter is based on an ultrathin silicon crystal operating in the symmetric Bragg geometry to provide high reflectivity and transmissivity simultaneously. We fabricated frame-shaped Si(511) and (110) crystals with thicknesses below 10 μm by a reactive dry etching method using atmospheric-pressure plasma. The thickness variation over an illuminated area is less than 300 nm peak-to-valley. High crystalline perfection was verified by topographic and diffractometric measurements. The crystal thickness was evaluated from the period of the Pendellösung beats measured with a highly monochromatic and collimated x-ray probe. The crystals provide two replica pulses with uniform wavefront [(<1/50)λ] and low spatial intensity variation (<5%). These Bragg beam splitters will play an important role in innovating XFEL applications.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics
(340.7215) X-ray optics : Undulator radiation

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 13, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 21, 2013
Published: January 29, 2013

Citation
Taito Osaka, Makina Yabashi, Yasuhisa Sano, Kensuke Tono, Yuichi Inubushi, Takahiro Sato, Satoshi Matsuyama, Tetsuya Ishikawa, and Kazuto Yamauchi, "A Bragg beam splitter for hard x-ray free-electron lasers," Opt. Express 21, 2823-2831 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-3-2823


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 641–647 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Ishikawa, H. Aoyagi, T. Asaka, Y. Asano, N. Azumi, T. Bizen, H. Ego, K. Fukami, T. Fukui, Y. Furukawa, S. Goto, H. Hanaki, T. Hara, T. Hasegawa, T. Hatsui, A. Higashiya, T. Hirono, N. Hosoda, M. Ishii, T. Inagaki, Y. Inubushi, T. Itoga, Y. Joti, M. Kago, T. Kameshima, H. Kimura, Y. Kirihara, A. Kiyomichi, T. Kobayashi, C. Kondo, T. Kudo, H. Maesaka, X. M. Maréchal, T. Masuda, S. Matsubara, T. Matsumoto, T. Matsushita, S. Matsui, M. Nagasono, N. Nariyama, H. Ohashi, T. Ohata, T. Ohshima, S. Ono, Y. Otake, C. Saji, T. Sakurai, T. Sato, K. Sawada, T. Seike, K. Shirasawa, T. Sugimoto, S. Suzuki, S. Takahashi, H. Takebe, K. Takeshita, K. Tamasaku, H. Tanaka, R. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, T. Togashi, K. Togawa, A. Tokuhisa, H. Tomizawa, K. Tono, S. Wu, M. Yabashi, M. Yamaga, A. Yamashita, K. Yanagida, C. Zhang, T. Shintake, H. Kitamura, and N. Kumagai, “A compact x-ray free-electron laser emitting in the sub-ångström region,” Nat. Photonics6(8), 540–544 (2012). [CrossRef]
  3. H. N. Chapman, P. Fromme, A. Barty, T. A. White, R. A. Kirian, A. Aquila, M. S. Hunter, J. Schulz, D. P. DePonte, U. Weierstall, R. B. Doak, F. R. N. C. Maia, A. V. Martin, I. Schlichting, L. Lomb, N. Coppola, R. L. Shoeman, S. W. Epp, R. Hartmann, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, L. Foucar, N. Kimmel, G. Weidenspointner, P. Holl, M. Liang, M. Barthelmess, C. Caleman, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, J. Krzywinski, C. Bostedt, S. Bajt, L. Gumprecht, B. Rudek, B. Erk, C. Schmidt, A. Hömke, C. Reich, D. Pietschner, L. Strüder, G. Hauser, H. Gorke, J. Ullrich, S. Herrmann, G. Schaller, F. Schopper, H. Soltau, K.-U. Kühnel, M. Messerschmidt, J. D. Bozek, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Frank, C. Y. Hampton, R. G. Sierra, D. Starodub, G. J. Williams, J. Hajdu, N. Timneanu, M. M. Seibert, J. Andreasson, A. Rocker, O. Jönsson, M. Svenda, S. Stern, K. Nass, R. Andritschke, C.-D. Schröter, F. Krasniqi, M. Bott, K. E. Schmidt, X. Wang, I. Grotjohann, J. M. Holton, T. R. M. Barends, R. Neutze, S. Marchesini, R. Fromme, S. Schorb, D. Rupp, M. Adolph, T. Gorkhover, I. Andersson, H. Hirsemann, G. Potdevin, H. Graafsma, B. Nilsson, and J. C. H. Spence, “Femtosecond x-ray protein nanocrystallography,” Nature470(7332), 73–77 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. M. Seibert, T. Ekeberg, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Svenda, J. Andreasson, O. Jönsson, D. Odić, B. Iwan, A. Rocker, D. Westphal, M. Hantke, D. P. DePonte, A. Barty, J. Schulz, L. Gumprecht, N. Coppola, A. Aquila, M. Liang, T. A. White, A. Martin, C. Caleman, S. Stern, C. Abergel, V. Seltzer, J.-M. Claverie, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, S. Boutet, A. A. Miahnahri, M. Messerschmidt, J. Krzywinski, G. Williams, K. O. Hodgson, M. J. Bogan, C. Y. Hampton, R. G. Sierra, D. Starodub, I. Andersson, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, J. C. H. Spence, P. Fromme, U. Weierstall, R. Kirian, M. Hunter, R. B. Doak, S. Marchesini, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Frank, R. L. Shoeman, L. Lomb, S. W. Epp, R. Hartmann, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, C. Schmidt, L. Foucar, N. Kimmel, P. Holl, B. Rudek, B. Erk, A. Hömke, C. Reich, D. Pietschner, G. Weidenspointner, L. Strüder, G. Hauser, H. Gorke, J. Ullrich, I. Schlichting, S. Herrmann, G. Schaller, F. Schopper, H. Soltau, K.-U. Kühnel, R. Andritschke, C.-D. Schröter, F. Krasniqi, M. Bott, S. Schorb, D. Rupp, M. Adolph, T. Gorkhover, H. Hirsemann, G. Potdevin, H. Graafsma, B. Nilsson, H. N. Chapman, and J. Hajdu, “Single mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an x-ray laser,” Nature470(7332), 78–81 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Barty, C. Caleman, A. Aquila, N. Timneanu, L. Lomb, T. A. White, J. Andreasson, D. Arnlund, S. Bajt, T. R. M. Barends, M. Barthelmess, M. J. Bogan, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, J. Davidsson, D. P. DePonte, R. B. Doak, T. Ekeberg, V. Elser, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, H. Fleckenstein, L. Foucar, P. Fromme, H. Graafsma, L. Gumprecht, J. Hajdu, C. Y. Hampton, R. Hartmann, A. Hartmann, G. Hauser, H. Hirsemann, P. Holl, M. S. Hunter, L. Johansson, S. Kassemeyer, N. Kimmel, R. A. Kirian, M. Liang, F. R. N. C. Maia, E. Malmerberg, S. Marchesini, A. V. Martin, K. Nass, R. Neutze, C. Reich, D. Rolles, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, H. Scott, I. Schlichting, J. Schulz, M. M. Seibert, R. L. Shoeman, R. G. Sierra, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, F. Stellato, S. Stern, L. Strüder, J. Ullrich, X. Wang, G. Weidenspointner, U. Weierstall, C. B. Wunderer, and H. N. Chapman, “Self-terminating diffraction gates femtosecond x-ray nanocrystallography measurements,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 35–40 (2011).
  6. S. M. Vinko, O. Ciricosta, B. I. Cho, K. Engelhorn, H.-K. Chung, C. R. D. Brown, T. Burian, J. Chalupský, R. W. Falcone, C. Graves, V. Hájková, A. Higginbotham, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, H. J. Lee, M. Messerschmidt, C. D. Murphy, Y. Ping, A. Scherz, W. Schlotter, S. Toleikis, J. J. Turner, L. Vysin, T. Wang, B. Wu, U. Zastrau, D. Zhu, R. W. Lee, P. A. Heimann, B. Nagler, and J. S. Wark, “Creation and diagnosis of a solid-density plasma with an x-ray free-electron laser,” Nature482(7383), 59–62 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense x-rays,” Nature466(7302), 56–61 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Rohringer, D. Ryan, R. A. London, M. Purvis, F. Albert, J. Dunn, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, A. Graf, R. Hill, S. P. Hau-Riege, and J. J. Rocca, “Atomic inner-shell x-ray laser at 1.46 nanometres pumped by an x-ray free-electron laser,” Nature481(7382), 488–491 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 144801 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(14), 144801 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Rutishauser, L. Samoylova, J. Krzywinski, O. Bunk, J. Grünert, H. Sinn, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, and C. David, “Exploring the wavefront of hard x-ray free-electron laser radiation,” Nat. Commun.3, 947 (2012), doi:. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Düsterer, C. Radcliffe, J. Bostedt, A. L. Bozek, R. Cavalieri, J. T. Coffee, D. Costello, L. F. Cubaynes, Y. DiMauro, G. Ding, F. Doumy, W. Grüner, W. Helml, R. Schweinberger, A. R. Kienberger, M. Maier, V. Messerschmidt, C. Richardson, T. Roedig, Tschentscher, and M. Meyer, “Femtosecond x-ray pulse length characterization at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser,” New J. Phys.13(9), 093024 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Mitzner, M. Neeb, T. Noll, N. Pontius, and W. Eberhardt, “An x-ray autocorrelator and delay line for the VUV-FEL at TTF/DESY,” Proc. SPIE5920, 59200D (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, M. Neeb, T. Noll, F. Siewert, S. Roling, M. Rutkowski, A. A. Sorokin, M. Richter, P. Juranic, K. Tiedtke, J. Feldhaus, W. Eberhardt, and H. Zacharias, “Spatio-temporal coherence of free electron laser pulses in the soft x-ray regime,” Opt. Express16(24), 19909–19919 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. J. Rocca, J. Filevich, and M. C. Marconi, “Refraction effects on x-ray and ultraviolet interferometric probing of laser-produced plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B20(1), 254–259 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, G. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, “A dispersionless Michelson interferometer for the characterization of attosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 197–206 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. U. Bonse and M. Hart, “An x-ray interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.6(8), 155–156 (1965). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Roseker, H. Franz, H. Schulte-Schrepping, A. Ehnes, O. Leupold, F. Zontone, S. Lee, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “Development of a hard x-ray delay line for x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy and jitter-free pump-probe experiments at x-ray free-electron laser sources,” J. Synchrotron Radiat.18(3), 481–491 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Authier, Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction, Vol. 11 of IUCr Monographs on Crystallography(Oxford University Press, 2001),
  20. V. A. Bushuev, “Diffraction of x-ray free-electron laser femtosecond pulses on single crystals in the Bragg and Laue geometry,” J. Synchrotron Radiat.15(5), 495–505 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. W. Batterman and G. Hildebrandt, “X-ray Pendellösung fringes in Darwin reflection,” Acta Crystallogr. A24(1), 150–157 (1968). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Koyama, H. Yumoto, Y. Senba, K. Tono, T. Sato, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, J. Kim, T. Kimura, S. Matsuyama, H. Mimura, M. Yabashi, K. Yamauchi, H. Ohashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Damage study of optical substrates using 1-μm-focusing beam of hard X-ray free-electron laser,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (to be published).
  23. D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(3), 034103 (2012). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Mori, K. Yamamura, and Y. Sano, “The study of fabrication of the x-ray mirror by numerically controlled plasma chemical vaporization machining: development of the machine for the x-ray mirror fabrication,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.71(12), 4620–4626 (2000). [CrossRef]
  25. T. Osaka, M. Yabashi, Y. Sano, K. Tono, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, S. Matsuyama, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Fabrication of ultrathin Bragg beam splitter by plasma chemical vaporization machining,” Key Eng. Mater.523–524, 40–45 (2012). [CrossRef]
  26. K. Tamasaku, Y. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Yamazaki, N. Kawamura, M. Suzuki, and T. Ishikawa, “SPring-8 RIKEN beamline III for coherent X-ray optics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467–468, 686–689 (2001). [CrossRef]
  27. T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of the coherence length of highly collimated x-rays from the visibility of equal-thickness fringes,” Acta Crystallogr. A44(4), 496–499 (1988). [CrossRef]
  28. J. P. Sutter, A. Q. R. Baron, D. Miwa, Y. Nishino, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Nearly perfect large-area quartz: 4 meV resolution for 10 keV photons over 10 cm2,” J. Synchrotron Radiat.13(3), 278–280 (2006). [CrossRef]
  29. G. Geloni, V. Kocharyan, and E. Saldin, “A novel self-seeding scheme for hard x-ray FELs,” J. Mod. Opt.58(16), 1391–1403 (2011). [CrossRef]
  30. J. Amann, W. Berg, V. Blank, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Y. Feng, J. Frisch, D. Fritz, J. Hastings, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, R. Lindberg, H. Loos, A. Lutman, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Shu, Yu. Shvyd’ko, S. Spampinati, S. Stoupin, S. Terentyev, E. Trakhtenberg, D. Walz, J. Welch, J. Wu, A. Zholents, and D. Zhu, “Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-x-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics6(10), 693–698 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited