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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Feb. 11, 2013
  • pp: 3125–3132

Experimental and theoretical study of wide hysteresis cycles in 1550 nm VCSELs under optical injection

Peng Guo, Weijian Yang, Devang Parekh, Connie J. Chang-Hasnain, Anshi Xu, and Zhangyuan Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 3125-3132 (2013)

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We present experimental results of output power bistability in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under optical injection induced by frequency detuning or power variation of the master laser. An ultra-wide hysteresis cycle of 3.7 nm (473.3 GHz) is achieved through frequency detuning, which is more than 11 times wider than that achieved in the state-of-the-art (37 GHz). Furthermore, the width of injection power induced hysteresis cycle we achieved is as large as 7.3 dB. We theoretically analyzed the hysteresis cycles based on standard optical injection locking rate equations including the interference effect of master laser reflection and found excellent agreement with experimental results.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: December 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2013
Published: February 1, 2013

Peng Guo, Weijian Yang, Devang Parekh, Connie J. Chang-Hasnain, Anshi Xu, and Zhangyuan Chen, "Experimental and theoretical study of wide hysteresis cycles in 1550 nm VCSELs under optical injection," Opt. Express 21, 3125-3132 (2013)

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  1. A. Ng'oma, D. Fortusini, D. Parekh, W. Yang, M. Sauer, S. Benjamin, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Performance of a multi-Gb/s 60 GHz radio over fiber system employing a directly modulated optically injection-locked VCSEL,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2436–2444 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Long distance single-mode fiber transmission of multimode VCSELs by injection locking,” Opt. Express18(20), 20552–20557 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 788–796 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1196–1204 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. E. K. Lau, L. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: A tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 618–633 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Yang, P. Guo, D. Parekh, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Reflection-mode optical injection locking,” Opt. Express18(20), 20887–20893 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A75(2), 023804 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550 nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1193–1195 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Power and wavelength polarization bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles in a 1550 nm-VCSEL subject to orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Express17(26), 23637–23642 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. H. Lee, H. W. Jung, K. H. Kim, M. H. Lee, B.-S. Yoo, J. Roh, and K. A. Shore, “1-GHz all-optical flip-flop operation of conventional cylindrical-shaped single-mode VCSELs under low power optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(23), 1759–1761 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.42(17), 976–977 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Guo, W. Yang, D. Parekh, A. Xu, Z. Chen, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “An ellipse model for cavity mode behavior of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” Opt. Express20(7), 6980–6988 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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