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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Feb. 11, 2013
  • pp: 3213–3224

Textile integrated sensors and actuators for near-infrared spectroscopy

Christoph Zysset, Nassim Nasseri, Lars Büthe, Niko Münzenrieder, Thomas Kinkeldei, Luisa Petti, Stefan Kleiser, Giovanni A. Salvatore, Martin Wolf, and Gerhard Tröster  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 3213-3224 (2013)

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Being the closest layer to our body, textiles provide an ideal platform for integrating sensors and actuators to monitor physiological signals. We used a woven textile to integrate photodiodes and light emitting diodes. LEDs and photodiodes enable near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) systems to monitor arterial oxygen saturation and oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin in human tissue. Photodiodes and LEDs are mounted on flexible plastic strips with widths of 4 mm and 2 mm, respectively. The strips are woven during the textile fabrication process in weft direction and interconnected with copper wires with a diameter of 71 μm in warp direction. The sensor textile is applied to measure the pulse waves in the fingertip and the changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin during a venous occlusion at the calf. The system has a signal-to-noise ratio of more than 70 dB and a system drift of 0.37% ± 0.48%. The presented work demonstrates the feasibility of integrating photodiodes and LEDs into woven textiles, a step towards wearable health monitoring devices.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.1460) Medical optics and biotechnology : Blood gas monitoring
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.6510) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

Original Manuscript: November 27, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 23, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 2013
Published: February 1, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 3 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Christoph Zysset, Nassim Nasseri, Lars Büthe, Niko Münzenrieder, Thomas Kinkeldei, Luisa Petti, Stefan Kleiser, Giovanni A. Salvatore, Martin Wolf, and Gerhard Tröster, "Textile integrated sensors and actuators for near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Express 21, 3213-3224 (2013)

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