OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Feb. 11, 2013
  • pp: 3400–3416

Analytical analysis of a multilayer structure with ultrathin Fe film for magneto-optical sensing

Š. Višňovský, E. Lišková-Jakubisová, I. Harward, and Z. Celinski  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 3400-3416 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.003400


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4154 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Magneto-optic (MO) response in nanostructures with ultrathin Fe considered for the MO mapping of current pulses with a two-dimensional diffraction limited resolution is investigated in detail. The structures consist of an ultrathin Fe layer sandwiched with dielectric layers, deposited on a reflector and covered by a noble metal protecting layer. The structures are modeled as five-layer systems with abrupt interfaces. Analytical expressions are provided that are useful in the search for the maximum of MO reflected wave amplitude polarized perpendicular to the incident linearly polarized wave, |ryx(05)|. The procedure of finding the maximal |ryx(05)| is illustrated on the structures with ultrathin Fe at the laser wavelength of 632.8 nm. The maximal |ryx(05)| of 0.018347 was achieved in the structure AlN(52 nm)/Fe(15 nm)/AlN(26 nm)/Au. The deposition of a 5 nm protecting Au layer reduced |ryx(05)| by 6 per cent.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3820) Materials : Magneto-optical materials
(230.3810) Optical devices : Magneto-optic systems
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:
Thin Films

History
Original Manuscript: November 20, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2013
Published: February 4, 2013

Citation
Š. Višňovský, E. Lišková-Jakubisová, I. Harward, and Z. Celinski, "Analytical analysis of a multilayer structure with ultrathin Fe film for magneto-optical sensing," Opt. Express 21, 3400-3416 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-3-3400


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Y. Elezzabi and M. R. Freeman, “Ultrafast magneto-optic sampling of picosecond current pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(25), 3546–3548 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Sekhar, J. Y. Hwang, M. Ferrera, Y. Linzon, L. Razzari, C. Harnagea, M. Zaezjev, A. Pignolet, and R. Morandotti, “Strong enhancement of the Faraday rotation in Ce and Bi comodified epitaxial iron garnet thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181916 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Y. Hwang, M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, A. Pignolet, and R. Morandotti, “The role of Bi3+ ions in magneto-optic Ce and Bi comodified epitaxial iron garnet films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(16), 161901 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Suhl, “Origin and use of instabilities in ferromagnetic resonance,” J. Appl. Phys.29(3), 416–421 (1958). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Chikazumi, Physics of Magnetism (Oxford Science Publications, Clarendon Press, 1997).
  6. R. Lopusnik, J. Correu, I. Harward, S. Widuch, P. Maslankiewicz, S. Demirtas, Z. Celinski, E. Liskova, M. Veis, and S. Visnovsky, “Optimization of magneto-optical response of FeF2/Fe/ FeF2 sandwiches for microwave field detection,” J. Appl. Phys.101(9), 09C516 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Kittel, “On the theory of ferromagnetic resonance absorption,” Phys. Rev.73(2), 155–161 (1948). [CrossRef]
  8. C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.40(11), 4500–4502 (1969). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Rev. B12(7), 2777–2788 (1975). [CrossRef]
  10. G. S. Krinchik and V. A. Artem’ev, “Magneto-optical properties of Ni, Co and Fe in ultraviolet visible and infrared parts of spectrum,” Sov. Phys. JETP26, 1080–1085 (1968).
  11. S. Visnovsky, R. Krishnan, M. Nyvlt, and V. Prosser, “Optical behaviour of Fe in magnetic multilayers,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn.20, Supplement No. S1, 41–46 (1996).
  12. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B9(12), 5056–5070 (1974). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Pištora, M. Lesňák, E. Lišková, Š. Višňovský, I. Harward, P. Maslankiewicz, K. Balin, Z. Celinski, J. Mistrík, T. Yamaguchi, R. Lopusnik, and J. Vlček, “The effect of FeF2 on the magneto-optic response in FeF2/Fe/FeF2 sandwiches,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(15), 155301 (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. E. Liskova, S. Visnovsky, R. Lopusnik, I. Harward, M. Wenger, T. Christensen, and Z. Celinski, “Magneto-optical AlN/Fe/AlN structures optimized for operation in the violet spectral region,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.41(15), 155007 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Yeh, “Electromagnetic propagation in birefringent layered media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.69(5), 742–756 (1979). [CrossRef]
  16. Š. Višňovský, “Magneto-optical ellipsometry,” Czech. J. Phys. B36(5), 625–650 (1986). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Tomita and T. Yoshino, “Optimum design of multilayer-medium structures in a magneto-optical readout system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A1(8), 809–817 (1984). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Atkinson, I. W. Salter, and J. Xu, “Design, fabrication, and performance of enhanced magneto-optic quadrilayers with controllable ellipticity,” Appl. Opt.31(23), 4847–4852 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. W. R. Hendren, R. Atkinson, R. J. Pollard, I. W. Salter, C. D. Wright, W. W. Clegg, and D. F. L. Jenkins, “The design and optimization of disk structures for MAMMOS/MSR magneto-optic recording,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.38(14), 2310–2320 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Mansuripur, Physical Principles of Magneto-optical Recording (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
  21. N. Qureshi, H. Schmidt, and A. R. Hawkins, “Cavity enhancement of the magneto-optic Kerr effect for optical studies of magnetic nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(3), 431–433 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Moradi and M. Ghanaatshoar, “Cavity enhancement of the magneto-optic Kerr effect in glass/Al/SnO2/PtMnSb/SnO2 structure,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5053–5057 (2010). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Mansuripur, “Figure of merit for magneto-optical media based on the dielectric tensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.49(1), 19–21 (1986). [CrossRef]
  24. Š. Višňovský, Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures (CRC Taylor & Francis, 2006), Chapter 4, pp. 198–211.
  25. F. Abelès, “Recherches sur la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques sinusoïdales dans les milieux stratifiés. Application aux couches minces,” Ann. Phys. (Paris)5, 596–640, 706–782 (1950).
  26. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1997), pp.51–70.
  27. R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Elsevier, 1987).
  28. D. Brunner, H. Angerer, E. Bustarret, F. Freudenberg, R. Höpler, R. Dimitrov, O. Ambacher, and M. Stutzmann, “Optical constants of epitaxial AlGaN films and their temperature dependence,” J. Appl. Phys.82(10), 5090–5096 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972). [CrossRef]
  30. R. Pittini, J. Schoenes, O. Vogt, and P. Wachter, “Discovery of 90 degree magneto-optical polar Kerr rotation in CeSb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(5), 944–947 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. Berger and M. R. Pufall, “Quantitative vector magnetometry using generalized magneto-optical ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys.85(8), 4583–4585 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. M. R. Pufall and A. Berger, “Studying the reversal mode of the magnetization vector versus applied field angle using generalized magneto-optical ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 5834–5836 (2000). [CrossRef]
  33. J. A. Arregi, J. B. Gonzales-Diaz, E. Bergaretxe, O. Idigoras, T. Unsal, and A. Berger, “Study of generalized magneto-optical ellipsometry measurement reliability,” J. Appl. Phys.111(10), 103912 (2012). [CrossRef]
  34. Š. Visnovský, K. Postava, T. Yamaguchi, and R. Lopusník, “Magneto-optic ellipsometry in exchange-coupled films,” Appl. Opt.41(19), 3950–3960 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited