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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 4 — Feb. 25, 2013
  • pp: 4783–4789

Observation of surface dark photovoltaic solitons

Xi Yang, Weiqiang Chen, Peng Yao, Tianhao Zhang, Jianguo Tian, and Jingjun Xu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 4, pp. 4783-4789 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.004783


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Abstract

Surface dark solitons in photovoltaic nonlinear media are reported. Taking advantage of diffusion and photovoltaic nonlinearities we demonstrated the surface dark solitons and their behaviors near surface theoretically and experimentally in LiNbO3 crystal. It is very interesting that surface dark soliton is just half of dark soliton in bulk. Another interesting thing is that transverse modulation instability can be perfectly suppressed by surface dark soliton in virtue of surface. In addition, surface waveguides were written successfully utilizing surface dark soliton.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 21, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 31, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 31, 2013
Published: February 19, 2013

Citation
Xi Yang, Weiqiang Chen, Peng Yao, Tianhao Zhang, Jianguo Tian, and Jingjun Xu, "Observation of surface dark photovoltaic solitons," Opt. Express 21, 4783-4789 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-4-4783


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