OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: 5232–5238

Polarization-dependent coupling in gold-filled dual-core photonic crystal fibers

Peng Li and Jianlin Zhao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 5232-5238 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.005232


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1175 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We numerically investigate the polarization-dependent coupling in dual-core photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) selectively filled with gold wires in air holes. It is shown that the even and odd supermodes exhibit significantly different dispersion and loss when one gold wire is filled in between two cores. The enhanced birefringence and polarization-dependent attenuation of the supermodes support the separation of two orthogonally polarized components as well as polarization-dependent transmissions with a high degree of polarization in gold-filled dual core PCFs. Our study suggests that a gold-filled PCF coupler is a new possibility for applications on polarization beam splitters and polarizers.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: November 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 7, 2013
Published: February 25, 2013

Citation
Peng Li and Jianlin Zhao, "Polarization-dependent coupling in gold-filled dual-core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 21, 5232-5238 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-5232


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. Westbrook, R. Windeler, and A. Hale, “Microstructured optical fiber devices,” Opt. Express9(13), 698–713 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, of 2002 OSA Technical Digest Series, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 466–468.
  5. T. Alkeskjold, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, A. Anawati, J. Broeng, J. Li, and S. T. Wu, “All-optical modulation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express12(24), 5857–5871 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Ren, P. Shum, X. Yu, J. Hu, G. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Polarization dependent guiding in liquid crystal filled photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun.281(6), 1598–1606 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and A. H. Greenaway, “Experimental study of dual-core photonic crystal fiber,” Electron. Lett.36(16), 1358–1359 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Li, J. Zhao, and X. Zhang, “Nonlinear coupling in triangular triple-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express18(26), 26828–26833 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Zhu, P. Shum, H. W. Bay, X. Chen, C. H. Tan, and C. Lu, “Wide-passband, temperature-insensitive, and compact π-phase-shifted long-period gratings in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2608–2610 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Fang, M. Hu, C. Xie, Y. Song, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “High pulse energy mode-locked multicore photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 1005–1007 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Hou, D. Bird, A. George, S. Maier, B. T. Kuhlmey, and J. C. Knight, “Metallic mode confinement in microstructured fibres,” Opt. Express16(9), 5983–5990 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J. Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B77(3), 033417 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zhang, R. Wang, F. M. Cox, B. T. Kuhlmey, and M. C. J. Large, “Selective coating of holes in microstructured optical fiber and its application to in-fiber absorptive polarizers,” Opt. Express15(24), 16270–16278 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. Prill Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, “Polarization-dependent coupling to plasmon modes on submicron gold wire in photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 111102 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, R. F. Russell, N. Y. Joly, H. K. Tyagi, P. Uebel, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-assisted melt-filling and optical characterization of Au nanowires in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express19(13), 12180–12189 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Nagasaki, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Polarization characteristics of photonic crystal fibers selectively filled with metal wires into cladding air holes,” Opt. Express19(4), 3799–3808 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, and P. St. J. Russell, “Excitation of a nanowire ‘molecule’ in gold-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(14), 2946–2948 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Zhang, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, P. Shum, Y. Zhang, L. Xia, and D. Liu, “Theoretical study of dual-core photonic crystal fibers with metal wire,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1178–1187 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1989).
  20. P. G. Etchegoin, E. C. Le Ru, and M. Meyer, “An analytic model for the optical properties of gold,” J. Chem. Phys.125(16), 164705 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. A. Schmidt and P. St. J. Russell, “Long-range spiraling surface plasmon modes on metallic nanowires,” Opt. Express16(18), 13617–13623 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Z. Zhang, Y. Shi, B. Bian, and J. Lu, “Dependence of leaky mode coupling on loss in photonic crystal fiber with hybrid cladding,” Opt. Express16(3), 1915–1922 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited