OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: 5688–5700

Bandwidth analysis of waveguide grating coupler

Zhe Xiao, Tsung-Yang Liow, Jing Zhang, Ping Shum, and Feng Luan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 5688-5700 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.005688


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1273 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The bandwidth of planar waveguide grating couplers is theoretically investigated based on the rigorous grating theory. We observe that the bandwidth behavior is not only determined by the grating coupler intrinsic properties, but also affected by the fiber parameters such as position, beam waist and Numerical Aperture. The rigorous bandwidth formula is derived. By analyzing the formula, several practical guidelines are proposed for grating coupler design and fiber operation in order to achieve wideband performance.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 20, 2012
Published: March 1, 2013

Citation
Zhe Xiao, Tsung-Yang Liow, Jing Zhang, Ping Shum, and Feng Luan, "Bandwidth analysis of waveguide grating coupler," Opt. Express 21, 5688-5700 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-5688


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Hochberg and T. Baehr-Jones, “Towards fabless silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 492–494 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, M. Ayre, J. Schrauwen, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, T. F. Krauss, and R. Baets, “Compact and highly efficient grating couplers between optical fiber and nanophotonic Waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(1), 151–156 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency single-order waveguide grating coupler,” Opt. Lett.15(24), 1446–1448 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Chen, C. Li, C. K. Y. Fung, S. M. G. Lo, and H. K. Tsang, “Apodized waveguide grating couplers for efficient coupling to optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1156–1158 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High efficiency silicon-on-Insulator grating coupler based on a poly-silicon overlay,” Opt. Express14(24), 11622–11630 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, Y. Chen, and L. L. Buhl, “Wide bandwidth silicon nitride grating coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(19), 1461–1463 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Chen, K. Xu, Z. Cheng, C. K. Y. Fung, and H. K. Tsang, “Wideband subwavelength gratings for coupling between silicon-on-insulator waveguides and optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.37(17), 3483–3485 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Xiao, F. Luan, T. Y. Liow, J. Zhang, and P. Shum, “Design for broadband high-efficiency grating couplers,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 530–532 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Tamir, “Beam and waveguide couplers,” in Integrated Optics (Springer, 1975).
  10. T. K. Gaylord and M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE73(5), 894–937 (1985). [CrossRef]
  11. R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology (Springer, 2008).
  12. J. C. Brazas and L. Li, “Analysis of input-grating couplers having finite lengths,” Appl. Opt.34(19), 3786–3792 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Tamir and S. T. Peng, “Analysis and Design of Grating Couplers,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)14(3), 235–254 (1977). [CrossRef]
  15. S. T. Peng, T. Tamir, and H. L. Bertoni, “Theory of periodic dielectric waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.23(1), 123–133 (1975). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Miyanaga and T. Asakura, “Intensity profile of outgoing beams from uniform and linearly tapered grating couplers,” Appl. Opt.20(4), 688–695 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited