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Spectral engineering by Gaussian phase-matching for quantum photonicsP. Ben Dixon, Jeffrey H. Shapiro, and Franco N. C. Wong »View Author Affiliations
P. Ben Dixon,
Jeffrey H. Shapiro,
and Franco N. C. Wong
^{}Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA ^{*}Corresponding author: bendixon@mit.edu |
Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 5879-5890 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.005879
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Abstract
We demonstrate Gaussian-shaped phase matching of a periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate (PPKTP) crystal by imposing a custom duty-cycle pattern on its grating structure while keeping the grating period fixed. The PPKTP’s phase-matching characteristics are verified through optical difference-frequency generation measurements, showing good agreement with expected values based on our design parameters. Our theoretical analysis predicts that under extended phase-matching conditions the custom-poled PPKTP crystal is capable of generating heralded single photons with a spectral purity of 97%, and can reach as high as 99.5% with gentle spectral filtering, something that is highly desirable for photonic quantum information processing applications.
© 2013 OSA
OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing
ToC Category:
Quantum Optics
History
Original Manuscript: December 21, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 21, 2013
Published: March 1, 2013
Citation
P. Ben Dixon, Jeffrey H. Shapiro, and Franco N. C. Wong, "Spectral engineering by Gaussian phase-matching for quantum photonics," Opt. Express 21, 5879-5890 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-5879
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References
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- T. Gerrits, M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, B. Calkins, A. Lita, S. Glancy, E. Knill, S. W. Nam, R. P. Mirin, R. H. Hadfield, R. S. Bennink, W. P. Grice, S. Dorenbos, T. Zijlstra, T. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Generation of degenerate, factorizable, pulsed squeezed light at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express19, 24434–24447 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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- R. Erdmann, D. Branning, W. Grice, and I. A. Walmsley, “Restoring dispersion cancellation for entangled photons produced by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A62, 053810 (2000). [CrossRef]
- T. Gerrits, M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, B. Calkins, A. Lita, S. Glancy, E. Knill, S. W. Nam, R. P. Mirin, R. H. Hadfield, R. S. Bennink, W. P. Grice, S. Dorenbos, T. Zijlstra, T. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Generation of degenerate, factorizable, pulsed squeezed light at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express19, 24434–24447 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, R. Erdmann, K. Banaszek, W. P. Grice, I. A. Walmsley, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Las. Phys.15, 146 (2005).
- W. P. Grice, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A. Walmsley, “Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multiphoton states,” Phys. Rev. A64, 063815 (2001). [CrossRef]
- T. Gerrits, M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, B. Calkins, A. Lita, S. Glancy, E. Knill, S. W. Nam, R. P. Mirin, R. H. Hadfield, R. S. Bennink, W. P. Grice, S. Dorenbos, T. Zijlstra, T. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Generation of degenerate, factorizable, pulsed squeezed light at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express19, 24434–24447 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys.3, 692–695 (2007). [CrossRef]
- E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, C. I. Osorio, H. Herrmann, and R. T. Thew, “Engineering integrated pure narrow-band photon sources,” New J. Phys.14, 033008 (2012). [CrossRef]
- T. Peyronel, O. Firstenberg, Q.-Y. Liang, S. Hoffenberth, A. V. Gorshkov, T. Pohl, M. D. Lukin, and V. Vuletić, “Quantum nonlinear optics with single photons enabled by strongly interacting atoms,” Nature488, 57–60 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett.59, 2044–2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Theory of parametric frequency down conversion of light,” Phys. Rev. A31, 2409–2418 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- I. Ali Khan and J. C. Howell, “Experimental demonstration of high two-photon time-energy entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A73, 031801 (2006). [CrossRef]
- Y.-P. Huang, J. B. Altepeter, and P. Kumar, “Heralding single photons without spectral factorability,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043826 (2010). [CrossRef]
- M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Fejer, G. Magel, D. Jundt, and R. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quant.Electron.28, 2631–2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
- R. Kaltenbaek, R. Prevedel, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “High-fidelity entanglement swapping with fully independent sources,” Phys. Rev. A79, 040302 (2009). [CrossRef]
- R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Żukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental interference of independent photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 240502 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- O. Kuzucu, M. Fiorentino, M. A. Albota, F. N. C. Wong, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-Photon Coincident-Frequency Entanglement via Extended Phase Matching,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 083601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- T. Gerrits, M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, B. Calkins, A. Lita, S. Glancy, E. Knill, S. W. Nam, R. P. Mirin, R. H. Hadfield, R. S. Bennink, W. P. Grice, S. Dorenbos, T. Zijlstra, T. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Generation of degenerate, factorizable, pulsed squeezed light at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express19, 24434–24447 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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