OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: 5931–5940

A silicon-based widely tunable short-wave infrared optical parametric oscillator

Bart Kuyken, Xiaoping Liu, Richard M. Osgood, Jr., Roel Baets, Günther Roelkens, and William M. J. Green  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 5931-5940 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.005931


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2980 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on parametric gain in a silicon-on-insulator photonic wire. We exploit the highly nonlinear broadband response of the photonic wire to achieve broadband single-pass amplification up to 54 dB. This allows us to construct an OPO that is tunable across a 75 nm-wide band near 2075 nm, when pumped by a picosecond pulse train at 2175 nm. Additionally we demonstrate broadband tuning across 150 nm by varying the pump wavelength and exploiting the higher order dispersion characteristics of the silicon photonic wire.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3550) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Raman
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 13, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 18, 2013
Published: March 4, 2013

Citation
Bart Kuyken, Xiaoping Liu, Richard M. Osgood, Roel Baets, Günther Roelkens, and William M. J. Green, "A silicon-based widely tunable short-wave infrared optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 21, 5931-5940 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-5931


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. De Vos, I. Bartolozzi, E. Schacht, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-insulator microring resonator for sensitive and label-free biosensing,” Opt. Express15(12), 7610–7615 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. T. Robinson, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “On-chip gas detection in silicon optical microcavities,” Opt. Express16(6), 4296–4301 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. G. Crowder, S. D. Smith, A. Vass, and J. Keddie, Infrared methods for gas detection,” in Mid-Infrared Semiconductor Optoelectronics (Springer-Verlag, 2007).
  4. E. M. P. Ryckeboer, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Kuyken, C. Laurent, R. J. Baptiste, T. Eric, G. Roelkens, W. Bogaerts, and R. Baets, “Integrated spectrometer and integrated detectors on Silicon-on-Insulator for short-wave infrared applications,” CTu1A, CLEO, (2012).
  5. Y. Huang, S. K. Kalyoncu, Q. Song, and O. Boyraz, “Silicon-on-sapphire waveguides design for mid-ir evanescent field absorption gas sensors,” JW2A, CLEO (2012).
  6. G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon photonics: an introduction (John Wiley, 2004).
  7. L. Pavesi and D. J. Lockwood, Silicon photonics, (Springer, 2004).
  8. R. Espinola, J. Dadap, R. Osgood, S. McNab, and Y. Vlasov, “Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express12(16), 3713–3718 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature433(7027), 725–728 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 170–174 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.29(23), 2755–2757 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. P. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. B. Kuyken, X. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, R. M. Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “50 dB parametric on-chip gain in silicon photonic wires,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4401–4403 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. Kuyken, S. Clemmen, S. K. Selvaraja, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, Ph. Emplit, S. Massar, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “On-chip parametric amplification with 26.5 dB gain at telecommunication wavelengths using CMOS-compatible hydrogenated amorphous silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.36(4), 552–554 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, “Fabrication of photonic wire and crystal circuits in silicon-on-insulator using 193 nm optical lithography,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(18), 4076–4083 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. ePIXfab: The Silicon Photonics Platform. http://www.epixfab.eu/
  19. A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191104 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1(1), 162–235 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.28(22), 2225–2227 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Wong, “Widely tunable picosecond optical parametric oscillator using highly nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Lett.34(7), 989–991 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express19(21), 20172–20181 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (AcademicPress, 1995).
  26. Q. Lin, T. J. Johnson, R. Perahia, C. P. Michael, and O. J. Painter, “A proposal for highly tunable optical parametric oscillation in silicon micro-resonators,” Opt. Express16(14), 10596–10610 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010). [CrossRef]
  28. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express14(2), 664–669 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. F. Bauters, M. J. Heck, D. D. John, J. S. Barton, C. M. Bruinink, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Planar waveguides with less than 0.1 dB/m propagation loss fabricated with wafer bonding,” Opt. Express19(24), 24090–24101 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “CMOS-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 37–40 (2010). [CrossRef]
  31. L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and D. J. Moss, “CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics4(1), 41–45 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared optical frequency combs at 2.5 μm based on crystalline microresonators,” Nat. Commun.4, 1345–1348 (2013). [CrossRef]
  34. M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat Commun.3, 765–767 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited