OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: 6448–6458

Design of volume hologram filters for suppression of daytime sky brightness in artificial satellite detection

Hanhong Gao, Jonathan M. Watson, Joseph Scott Stuart, and George Barbastathis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 6448-6458 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.006448


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (921 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a design methodology for volume hologram filters (VHFs) with telephoto objectives to improve contrast of solar–illuminated artificial satellites observed with a ground–based optical telescope and camera system operating in daytime. VHFs provide the ability to selectively suppress incoming light based on the range to the source, and are used to suppress the daylight background noise since signal (satellite) and noise (daylight scatterers) are located at different altitudes. We derive the overall signal–to–noise ratio (SNR) enhancement as the system metric, and balance main design parameters over two key performance considerations – daylight attenuation and spectral bandwidth – to optimize the functioning of VHFs. Overall SNR enhancement of 7.5 has been achieved. Usage of multi–pixel cameras can potentially further refine this system.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(030.4280) Coherence and statistical optics : Noise in imaging systems
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(010.7295) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Visibility and imaging

ToC Category:
Holography

History
Original Manuscript: January 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 1, 2013
Published: March 7, 2013

Citation
Hanhong Gao, Jonathan M. Watson, Joseph Scott Stuart, and George Barbastathis, "Design of volume hologram filters for suppression of daytime sky brightness in artificial satellite detection," Opt. Express 21, 6448-6458 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-6448


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Hughes, “Sky brightness as a function of altitude,” Appl. Opt.3, 1135–1138 (1964). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Anthony, “Observation of non–Rayleigh scattering in the spectrum of the day sky in the region 0.56 to 2.2 microns,” J. Meteor.10, 60–63 (1953). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Psaltis, “Coherent optical information systems,” Science298, 1359 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Barbastathis and D. J. Brady, “Multidimensional tomographic imaging using volume holography,” Proc. IEEE87, 2098–2120 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. H.-Y. S. Li and D. Psaltis, “Three–dimensional holographic disks,” Appl. Opt.33, 3764–3774 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science265, 749–752 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Luo, P. J. Gelsinger-Austin, J. M. Watson, G. Barbastathis, J. K. Barton, and R. K. Kostuk, “Laser–induced fluorescence imaging of subsurface tissue structures with a volume holographic spatial–spectral imaging system,” Opt. Lett.33, 2098–2100 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Sinha, W. Sun, T. Shih, and G. Barbastathis, “Volume holographic imaging in transmission geometry,” Appl. Opt.43, 1533–1551 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999).
  10. J. M. Watson, P. Wissmann, S. B. Oh, M. Stenner, and G. Barbastathis, “Computational optimization of volume holographic imaging systems” in Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper CMD3.
  11. G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, “Volume holographic multiplexing methods,” Holographic data storage, Springer Series in Optical Sciences76, 21–62 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, and D.C. Robertson, “MODTRAN: A moderate resolution model for LOWTRAN7”, (Spectral Sciences Inc., Burlington MA, 1989)
  13. J. M. Russo and R. K. Kostuk, “Temperature dependence properties of holographic gratings in phenanthrenquinone doped poly(methyl methacrylate) photopolymers,” Appl. Opt.46, 7494–7499 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Luo, I. K. Zervantonakis, S. B. Oh, R. D. Kamm, and G. Barbastathis, “Spectrally resolved multidepth fluorescence imaging,” J. Biomed. Eng.16, 096015 (2011).
  15. Y. Luo, P. J. Gelsinger, J. K. Barton, G. Barbastathis, and R. K. Kostuk, “Optimization of multiplexed holographic gratings in PQ–PMMA for spectral–spatial imaging filters,” Opt. Lett.33, 566–568 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited