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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: 6448–6458

Design of volume hologram filters for suppression of daytime sky brightness in artificial satellite detection

Hanhong Gao, Jonathan M. Watson, Joseph Scott Stuart, and George Barbastathis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 6448-6458 (2013)

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We present a design methodology for volume hologram filters (VHFs) with telephoto objectives to improve contrast of solar–illuminated artificial satellites observed with a ground–based optical telescope and camera system operating in daytime. VHFs provide the ability to selectively suppress incoming light based on the range to the source, and are used to suppress the daylight background noise since signal (satellite) and noise (daylight scatterers) are located at different altitudes. We derive the overall signal–to–noise ratio (SNR) enhancement as the system metric, and balance main design parameters over two key performance considerations – daylight attenuation and spectral bandwidth – to optimize the functioning of VHFs. Overall SNR enhancement of 7.5 has been achieved. Usage of multi–pixel cameras can potentially further refine this system.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(030.4280) Coherence and statistical optics : Noise in imaging systems
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(010.7295) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Visibility and imaging

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: January 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 1, 2013
Published: March 7, 2013

Hanhong Gao, Jonathan M. Watson, Joseph Scott Stuart, and George Barbastathis, "Design of volume hologram filters for suppression of daytime sky brightness in artificial satellite detection," Opt. Express 21, 6448-6458 (2013)

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