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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 6697–6706

Light absorber based on nano-spheres on a substrate reflector

Jin Dai, Fei Ye, Yiting Chen, Mamoun Muhammed, Min Qiu, and Min Yan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 6697-6706 (2013)

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We systematically study a type of plasmonic light absorber based on a monolayer of gold nano-spheres with less than 30 nm in diameters deposited on top of a continuous gold substrate. The influences of particle size, inter-particle distance, particle-substrate spacer size etc on the resonance are studied thoroughly with a 3D finite-element method. We identified that the high-absorption resonance is mainly due to gap plasmon (coupled through particle bodies) when the separation between neighboring nano-spheres is small enough, such as close to 1 nm; at larger particle separations, the resonance is dominated by particle dipoles (coupled through the host dielectric). Experimentally, an absorber was fabricated based on chemically-synthesized gold nanoparticles coated with silica shell. The absorber shows a characteristic absorption band around 810 nm with a maximum absorbance of approximately 90%, which agrees reasonably well with our numerical calculation. The fabrication technique can be easily adapted for devising efficient light absorbers of large areas.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: December 14, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 3, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 4, 2013
Published: March 11, 2013

Jin Dai, Fei Ye, Yiting Chen, Mamoun Muhammed, Min Qiu, and Min Yan, "Light absorber based on nano-spheres on a substrate reflector," Opt. Express 21, 6697-6706 (2013)

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