OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 7014–7024

Compact, flexible and versatile photonic differentiator using silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers

Jianji Dong, Aoling Zheng, Dingshan Gao, Lei Lei, Dexiu Huang, and Xinliang Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 7014-7024 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.007014


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2218 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the flexibility and versatility of photonic differentiators using a silicon-based Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) structure. Two differentiation schemes are investigated. In the first scheme, we demonstrate high-order photonic field differentiators using on-chip cascaded MZIs, including first-, second-, and third-order differentiators. For single Gaussian optical pulse injection, the average deviations of all differentiators are less than 6.5%. In the second scheme, we demonstrate multifunctional differentiators, including intensity differentiator and field differentiator, using an on-chip single MZI structure. These different differentiator forms rely on the relative shift between the probe wavelength and the MZI resonant notch. Our schemes show the advantages of compact footprint, flexible functions and versatile differentiation forms. For example, high order field differentiators can be used to generate complex temporal waveforms, such as high order Hermite-Gaussian waveforms. And intensity differentiators are useful for ultra-wideband pulse generation.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(070.1170) Fourier optics and signal processing : Analog optical signal processing
(200.4740) Optics in computing : Optical processing
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Optics in Computing

History
Original Manuscript: October 9, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 22, 2013
Published: March 13, 2013

Citation
Jianji Dong, Aoling Zheng, Dingshan Gao, Lei Lei, Dexiu Huang, and Xinliang Zhang, "Compact, flexible and versatile photonic differentiator using silicon Mach-Zehnder interferometers," Opt. Express 21, 7014-7024 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-6-7014


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. J. Azana, “Ultrafast Analog All-Optical Signal Processors Based on Fiber-Grating Devices,” IEEE Photon. J.2(3), 359–386 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Morandotti, and J. Azaña, “Ultrafast all-optical differentiators,” Opt. Express14(22), 10699–10707 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Q. Ngo, S. F. Yu, S. C. Tjin, and C. H. Kam, “A new theoretical basis of higher-derivative optical differentiators,” Opt. Commun.230(1-3), 115–129 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, and J. Azaña, “Terahertz-bandwidth high-order temporal differentiators based on phase-shifted long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett.34(20), 3116–3118 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Li, L. Y. Shao, J. Albert, and J. Yao, “Continuously Tunable Photonic Fractional Temporal Differentiator Based on a Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(4), 251–253 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Slavik, Y. Park, D. Krčmařík, and J. Azana, “Stable all-fiber photonic temporal differentiator using a long-period fiber grating interferometer,” Opt. Commun.282(12), 2339–2342 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Velanas, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “High-Speed All-Optical First- and Second-Order Differentiators Based on Cross-Phase Modulation in Fibers,” Lightwave Technology, Journalism26(18), 3269–3276 (2008).
  8. J. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “High-speed all-optical differentiator based on a cascading semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical filter,” Opt. Lett.32(13), 1872–1874 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Yao, “Photonics for Ultrawideband communications,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(4), 82–95 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Dong, Y. Yu, Y. Zhang, X. Li, D. Huang, and X. Zhang, “All-optical binary phase-coded UWB signal generation for multi-user UWB communications,” Opt. Express19(11), 10587–10594 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical differentiator based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett.32(20), 3029–3031 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Park, M. H. Asghari, R. Helsten, and J. Azana, “Implementation of Broadband Microwave Arbitrary-Order Time Differential Operators Using a Reconfigurable Incoherent Photonic Processor,”IEEE Photon. J.2(6), 1040–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Li and C. Wu, “All-optical differentiator and high-speed pulse generation based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 830–832 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Dong, X. Zhang, S. Fu, J. Xu, P. Shum, and D. Huang, “Ultrafast all-optical signal processing based on single semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filtering,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(3), 770–778 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. L. M. Rivas, K. Singh, A. Carballar, and J. Azana, “Arbitrary-Order Ultrabroadband All-Optical Differentiators Based on Fiber Bragg Gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1209–1211 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Li, D. Janner, J. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express17(22), 19798–19807 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Park, J. Azaña, and R. Slavík, “Ultrafast all-optical first- and higher-order differentiators based on interferometers,” Opt. Lett.32(6), 710–712 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Liu, T. Wang, L. Qiang, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “Compact optical temporal differentiator based on silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(20), 15880–15886 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, “An ultra-high-speed photonic temporal differentiator using cascaded SOI microring resonators,” J. Opt.14(6), 065501 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Azana and M. Kulishov, “All-fibre ultrafast optical differentiator based on pi phase-shifted long-period grating,” Electron. Lett.41(25), 1368–1369 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. L. M. Rivas, S. Boudreau, Y. Park, R. Slavík, S. Larochelle, A. Carballar, and J. Azaña, “Experimental demonstration of ultrafast all-fiber high-order photonic temporal differentiators,” Opt. Lett.34(12), 1792–1794 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Dong, Y. Yu, Y. Zhang, B. Luo, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Arbitrary-order Bandwidth-tunable Temporal Differentiator using a Programmable Optical Pulse Shaper,” IEEE Photon. J.3(6), 996–1003 (2011). [CrossRef]
  23. K. A. Rutkowska, D. Duchesne, M. J. Strain, R. Morandotti, M. Sorel, and J. Azaña, “Ultrafast all-optical temporal differentiators based on CMOS-compatible integrated-waveguide Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express19(20), 19514–19522 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. Ashrafi and J. Azaña, “Figure of merit for photonic differentiators,” Opt. Express20(3), 2626–2639 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. J. Dong, B. Luo, Y. Zhang, D. Huang, and X.-L. Zhang, “Reconfigurable photonic differentiators based on all-optical phase modulation and linear filtering,” Opt. Commun.284(24), 5792–5797 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited