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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 7 — Apr. 8, 2013
  • pp: 8382–8392

Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber

Thierry Deschamps, Hervé Vezin, Cédric Gonnet, and Nadège Ollier  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 7, pp. 8382-8392 (2013)

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Using a combination of experimental techniques such as optical absorption, Raman scattering, continuous wave and pulse Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), we characterize a set of γ-irradiated Yb3+ doped silica glass preforms with different contents of phosphorous and aluminum. We demonstrate that when P is introduced in excess compared to Al, nearly no radiodarkening is induced by γ-rays. On the other hand, when Al>P, a large absorption band is induced by radiation. Thermal annealing experiments reveal the correlation between the decrease of the optical absorption band and the decrease of the Al-Oxygen Hole Center (AlOHC) ESR signal, demonstrating the main role of AlOHC defects in the fiber darkening. HYSCORE (HYperfine Sublevel CORElation) pulse-ESR experiments show a high Al-P nuclear spin coupling when P>Al and no coupling when Al>P. This result suggests that both AlOHC and POHC creation is inhibited by Al-O-P linkages. Confronting our data with previous works, we show that the well-known photodarkening process, meaning losses induced by the IR pump, can also be explained in this framework.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(160.2220) Materials : Defect-center materials
(300.6250) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, condensed matter
(140.3615) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ytterbium
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: December 27, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 18, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 2013
Published: March 29, 2013

Thierry Deschamps, Hervé Vezin, Cédric Gonnet, and Nadège Ollier, "Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber," Opt. Express 21, 8382-8392 (2013)

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