OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 7 — Apr. 8, 2013
  • pp: 8409–8416

Harmonic mode locking counterparts of dark pulse and dark-bright pulse pairs

Xingliang Li, Shumin Zhang, Yichang Meng, and Yanping Hao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 7, pp. 8409-8416 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1454 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have investigated experimentally different operational states of an all-normal-dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) ring laser with a long cavity. Various operational states were obtained by adjusting a polarization controller (PC) and the pump power. Self-pulsing, bright pulses, dark-bright pulse pairs and their harmonic mode locking (HML) counterparts, as well as dark pulses and their HML counterparts have all been obtained. Numerical simulations reproduce well the formation processes of dark pulses and dark-bright pulse pairs.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: January 9, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 17, 2013
Published: March 29, 2013

Xingliang Li, Shumin Zhang, Yichang Meng, and Yanping Hao, "Harmonic mode locking counterparts of dark pulse and dark-bright pulse pairs," Opt. Express 21, 8409-8416 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina, and L. A. Lugiato, “Maxwell-Bloch modelocking instabilities in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.114(1–2), 89–94 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).
  3. P. Le Boudec, P. L. Francois, E. Delevaque, J.-F. Bayon, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Influence of ion pairs on the dynamical behaviour of Er3+-doped fibre lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(8), 501–507 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Le Boudec, M. Le Flohic, P. L. François, F. Sanchez, and G. M. Stephan, “Self-pulsing in Er3+-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(5), 359–367 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Colin, E. Contesse, P. L. Boudec, G. Stephan, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of a saturable-absorption effect in heavily erbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.21(24), 1987–1989 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Luo and P. L. Chu, “Suppression of self-pulsing in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.22(15), 1174–1176 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Brunet, Y. Taillon, P. Galarneau, and S. LaRochelle, “A simple model describing both self-mode locking and sustained self-pulsing in ytterbium-doped ring fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(6), 2131–2138 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Li, K. Ueda, M. Musha, and A. Shirakawa, “Residual pump light as a probe of self-pulsing instability in an ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.31(10), 1450–1452 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, “Interaction between solitons in a stable medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP37(5), 823–828 (1973).
  10. W. van Saarloos and P. C. Hohenberg, “Fronts, pulses, sources and sinks in generalized complex Ginzburg-Landau equations,” Physica D56(4), 303–367 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Formations of spatial patterns and holes in the generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Lett. A110(3), 133–135 (1985). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun.62(6), 374–379 (1987). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Meziane, F. Sanchez, G. M. Stephan, and P. L. François, “Feedback-induced polarization switching in a Nd-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.19(23), 1970–1972 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Sylvestre, S. Coen, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Self-induced modulational instability laser revisited: normal dispersion and dark-pulse train generation,” Opt. Lett.27(7), 482–484 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A80(4), 045803 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and R. J. Knize, “Vector dark domain wall solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express18(5), 4428–4433 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Yin, W. Xu, A. Luo, Z. Luo, and J. Liu, “Observation of dark pulse in a dispersion-managed fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun.283(21), 4338–4341 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. S. F. Hanim, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Dark soliton generation using dual brillouin fiber laser in a fiber optic ring resonator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.52(4), 881–883 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. V. V. Afanasyev, Y. S. Kivshar, V. V. Konotop, and V. N. Serkin, “Dynamics of coupled dark and bright optical solitons,” Opt. Lett.14(15), 805–807 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Radhakrishnan and K. Aravinthan, “A dark-bright optical soliton solution to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation,” J. Phys. A: Math. Theor.40(43), 13023–13030 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Chen, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, D. N. Christodoulides, Y. S. Kivshar, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Incoherently coupled dark-bright photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Lett.21(22), 1821–1823 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Y. Lin and R. K. Lee, “Dark-bright soliton pairs in nonlocal nonlinear media,” Opt. Express15(14), 8781–8786 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Z. H. Musslimani and J. Yang, “Transverse instability of strongly coupled dark-bright Manakov vector solitons,” Opt. Lett.26(24), 1981–1983 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. K. W. Chow and K. Nakkeeran, “Bright-dark and double-humped pulses in averaged, dispersion managed optical fiber systems,” in Optical Fibers Research Advances (Nova Science Publisher, 2007), pp. 301–313.
  25. Y. Meng, S. Zhang, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, and X. Li, “Bright-dark soliton pairs in a self-mode locking fiber laser,” Opt. Eng.51(6), 064302 (2012). [CrossRef]
  26. H. Y. Wang, W. C. Xu, W. J. Cao, L. Y. Wang, and J. L. Dong, “Experimental observation of bright-dark pulse emitting in an all-fiber ring cavity laser,” Laser Phys.22(1), 282–285 (2012). [CrossRef]
  27. E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009). [CrossRef]
  28. X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1432–1434 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of polarization domain wall solitons in weakly birefringent cavity fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. B80(5), 052302 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(19), 20992–20997 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (26310 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (18777 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited