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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 9 — May. 6, 2013
  • pp: 10590–10596

Nanocavities at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals

Kenji Ishizaki, Kou Gondaira, Yuji Ota, Katsuyoshi Suzuki, and Susumu Noda  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 9, pp. 10590-10596 (2013)

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We investigate nanocavities at the surface of three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals, where the polarization-independent surface-mode gap can be utilized. We consider the formation of various nanocavities by introducing artificial defects utilizing the 3D structures around the surface and discuss the possibilities for increasing the Q-factors of the surface nanocavities with TE-like polarization based on the advanced designs of donor-type defects. We also introduce the design of acceptor-type defects and show that TM-like nanocavities are obtained. We then fabricate the designed nanocavities and examine their resonant characteristics; we successfully demonstrate TE-like nanocavities with Q-factors of ~40,000, which is four-times higher than previous surface cavities and as high as that of the cavities embedded inside 3D photonic crystals. TM-like nanocavities with Q-factors of ~22,000 are also demonstrated for the first time.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(160.5298) Materials : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: February 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 16, 2013
Published: April 23, 2013

Kenji Ishizaki, Kou Gondaira, Yuji Ota, Katsuyoshi Suzuki, and Susumu Noda, "Nanocavities at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals," Opt. Express 21, 10590-10596 (2013)

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