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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 9 — May. 6, 2013
  • pp: 11215–11226

Soliton trapping of dispersive waves in photonic crystal fiber with two zero dispersive wavelengths

Weibin Wang, Hua Yang, Pinghua Tang, Chujun Zhao, and Jing Gao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 9, pp. 11215-11226 (2013)

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Based on the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation, we present a numerical study of trapping of dispersive waves by solitons during supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers pumped with femtosecond pulses in the anomalous dispersion region. Numerical simulation results show that the generated supercontinuum is bounded by two branches of dispersive waves, namely blue-shifted dispersive waves (B-DWs) and red-shifted dispersive waves (R-DWs). We find a novel phenomenon that not only B-DWs but also R-DWs can be trapped by solitons across the zero-dispersion wavelength when the group-velocity matching between the soliton and the dispersive wave is satisfied, which may led to the generation of new spectral components via mixing of solitons and dispersive waves. Mixing of solitons with dispersive waves has been shown to play an important role in shaping not only the edge of the supercontinuum, but also its central part around the higher zero-dispersion wavelength. Further, we show that the phenomenon of soliton trapping of dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers with two zero-dispersion wavelengths has a very close relationship with pumping power and the interval between two zero-dispersion wavelengths. In order to clearly display the evolution of soliton trapping of dispersive waves, the spectrogram of output pulses is observed using cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating technique (XFROG).

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: March 4, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 17, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 17, 2013
Published: May 1, 2013

Weibin Wang, Hua Yang, Pinghua Tang, Chujun Zhao, and Jing Gao, "Soliton trapping of dispersive waves in photonic crystal fiber with two zero dispersive wavelengths," Opt. Express 21, 11215-11226 (2013)

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