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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 9 — May. 6, 2013
  • pp: 11482–11491

High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals

Veronika Rinnerbauer, Yi Xiang Yeng, Walker R. Chan, Jay J. Senkevich, John D. Joannopoulos, Marin Soljačić, and Ivan Celanovic  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 9, pp. 11482-11491 (2013)

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We present the results of extensive characterization of selective emitters at high temperatures, including thermal emission measurements and thermal stability testing at 1000°C for 1h and 900°C for up to 144h. The selective emitters were fabricated as 2D photonic crystals (PhCs) on polycrystalline tantalum (Ta), targeting large-area applications in solid-state heat-to-electricity conversion. We characterized spectral emission as a function of temperature, observing very good selectivity of the emission as compared to flat Ta, with the emission of the PhC approaching the blackbody limit below the target cut-off wavelength of 2 μm, and a steep cut-off to low emission at longer wavelengths. In addition, we study the use of a thin, conformal layer (20 nm) of HfO2 deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) as a surface protective coating, and confirm experimentally that it acts as a diffusion inhibitor and thermal barrier coating, and prevents the formation of Ta carbide on the surface. Furthermore, we tested the thermal stability of the nanostructured emitters and their optical properties before and after annealing, observing no degradation even after 144h (6 days) at 900°C, which demonstrates the suitability of these selective emitters for high-temperature applications.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(260.3060) Physical optics : Infrared
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: February 19, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 29, 2013
Published: May 3, 2013

Veronika Rinnerbauer, Yi Xiang Yeng, Walker R. Chan, Jay J. Senkevich, John D. Joannopoulos, Marin Soljačić, and Ivan Celanovic, "High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals," Opt. Express 21, 11482-11491 (2013)

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