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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Christian Seassal
  • Vol. 21, Iss. S2 — Mar. 11, 2013
  • pp: A208–A220

Opimization of imprintable nanostructured a-Si solar cells: FDTD study

Christian Fisker and Thomas Garm Pedersen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue S2, pp. A208-A220 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.00A208


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Abstract

We present a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) study of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin film solar cell, with nano scale patterns on the substrate surface. The patterns, based on the geometry of anisotropically etched silicon gratings, are optimized with respect to the period and anti-reflection (AR) coating thickness for maximal absorption in the range of the solar spectrum. The structure is shown to increase the cell efficiency by 10.2% compared to a similar flat solar cell with an optimized AR coating thickness. An increased back reflection can be obtained with a 50nm zinc oxide layer on the back reflector, which gives an additional efficiency increase, leading to a total of 14.9%. In addition, the patterned cells are shown to be up to 3.8% more efficient than an optimized textured reference cell based on the Asahi U-type glass surface. The effects of variations of the optimized solar cell structure due to the manufacturing process are investigated, and shown to be negligible for variations below ±10%.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.5350) Detectors : Photovoltaic
(050.1755) Diffraction and gratings : Computational electromagnetic methods
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Photovoltaics

History
Original Manuscript: August 1, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 31, 2012
Published: January 14, 2013

Citation
Christian Fisker and Thomas Garm Pedersen, "Opimization of imprintable nanostructured a-Si solar cells: FDTD study," Opt. Express 21, A208-A220 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-S2-A208


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