OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 1 — Jan. 13, 2014
  • pp: 762–772

Experimental observation of localized structures in medium size VCSELs

Etienne Averlant, Mustapha Tlidi, Hugo Thienpont, Thorsten Ackemann, and Krassimir Panajotov  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 762-772 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.000762


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2078 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report experimental evidence of spontaneous formation of localized structures in a 80μm diameter Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) biased above the lasing threshold and under optical injection. Such localized structures are bistable with the injected beam power and the VCSEL current. We experimentally investigate the formation of localized structures for different detunings between the injected beam and the VCSEL, and different injection beam waists.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.4420) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, transverse effects in
(190.5970) Nonlinear optics : Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 2, 2014
Published: January 7, 2014

Citation
Etienne Averlant, Mustapha Tlidi, Hugo Thienpont, Thorsten Ackemann, and Krassimir Panajotov, "Experimental observation of localized structures in medium size VCSELs," Opt. Express 22, 762-772 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-1-762


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Tlidi, M. Taki, T. Kolokolnikov, “Introduction: dissipative localized structures in extended systems,” Chaos 17, 037101 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine (Springer, 2008), Vol. 751.
  3. T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, G. Oppo, “Fundamentals and applications of spatial dissipative solitons in photonic devices,” in Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 57 of Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, P. R. B. E. Arimondo, C. C. Lin, eds. (Academic, 2009), Chap. 6, p. 323–421. [CrossRef]
  4. R. Kuszelewicz, S. Barbay, G. Tissoni, G. Almuneau, “Editorial on dissipative optical solitons,” Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 1 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Descalzi, M. Clerc, S. Residori, Localized States in Physics: Solitons and Patterns (Springer, 2011). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Leblond, D. Mihalache, “Models of few optical cycle solitons beyond the slowly varying envelope approximation,” Phys. Rep. 523, 61–126 (2013). [CrossRef]
  7. H. G. Purwins, H. U. Bödeker, S. Amiranashvili, “Dissipative solitons,” Adv. Phys. 59, 485–701 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. V. K. Vanag, L. Yang, M. Dolnik, A. M. Zhabotinsky, I. R. Epstein, “Oscillatory cluster patterns in a homogeneous chemical system with global feedback,” Nature 406, 389–391 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K.-J. Lee, W. D. McCormick, J. E. Pearson, H. L. Swinney, “Experimental observation of self-replicating spots in a reaction-diffusion system,” Nature 369, 215–218 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. I. Lengyel, I. R. Epstein, “A chemical approach to designing turing patterns in reaction-diffusion systems,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 89, 3977–3979 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. K. Vanag, I. R. Epstein, “Stationary and oscillatory localized patterns, and subcritical bifurcations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 128301 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Kolokolnikov, M. Tlidi, “Spot deformation and replication in the two-dimensional belousov-zhabotinski reaction in a water-in-oil microemulsion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 188303 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Tlidi, G. Sonnino, M. Bachir, “Predicted formation of localized superlattices in spatially distributed reaction-diffusion solutions,” Phys. Rev. E 86, 045103 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. O. Lejeune, M. Tlidi, P. Couteron, “Localized vegetation patches: A self-organized response to resource scarcity,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 010901 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Rietkerk, S. C. Dekker, P. C. de Ruiter, J. van de Koppel, “Self-organized patchiness and catastrophic shifts in ecosystems,” Science 305, 1926–1929 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Meron, H. Yizhaq, E. Gilad, “Localized structures in dryland vegetation: Forms and functions,” Chaos 17, 037109 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Tlidi, R. Lefever, A. Vladimirov, “On vegetation clustering, localized bare soil spots and fairy circles,” in Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine, Vol. 751 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2008), pp. 381–402.
  18. Y. Pomeau, “Front motion, metastability and subcritical bifurcations in hydrodynamics,” Physica D, 23, 3–11 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. A.R. Champneys, “Homoclinic orbits in reversible systems and their applications in mechanics, fluids and optics,” Physica D, 112, 158–186 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. P. Coullet, C. Riera, C. Tresser, “Stable static localized structures in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3069–3072 (2000) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. W. McLaughlin, J. V. Moloney, A. C. Newell, “Solitary waves as fixed points of infinite-dimensional maps in an optical bistable ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 75–78 (1983). [CrossRef]
  22. N. N. Rosanov, G. V. Khodova, “Diffractive autosolitons in nonlinear interferometers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1057–1065 (1990). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Tlidi, P. Mandel, R. Lefever, “Localized structures and localized patterns in optical bistability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 640–643 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. J. Scroggie, W. J. Firth, G. S. McDonald, M. Tlidi, R. Lefever, L. A. Lugiato, “Pattern formation in a passive kerr cavity,” Chaos Solitons Fract. 4, 1323–1354 (1994). [CrossRef]
  25. A. G. Vladimirov, R. Lefever, M. Tlidi, “Relative stability of multipeak localized patterns of cavity solitons,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043848 (2011). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Saffman, D. Montgomery, D. Z. Anderson, “Collapse of a transverse-mode continuum in a self-imaging photorefractively pumped ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 19, 518–520 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. N. Verschueren, U. Bortolozzo, M. G. Clerc, S. Residori, “Spatiotemporal chaotic localized state in liquid crystal light valve experiments with optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 104101 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. U. Bortolozzo, S. Residori, “Storage of localized structure matrices in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 037801 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. A. Schreiber, B. Thüring, M. Kreuzer, T. Tschudi, “Experimental investigation of solitary structures in a nonlinear optical feedback system,” Opt. Commun. 136, 415–418 (1997). [CrossRef]
  30. V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, C. O. Weiss, “Spatial soliton laser: Localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582–1591 (1997). [CrossRef]
  31. V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, C. O. Weiss, “Pattern formation and localized structures in degenerate optical parametric mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2236–2239 (1998). [CrossRef]
  32. K. Staliunas, V. B. Taranenko, G. Slekys, R. Viselga, C. O. Weiss, “Moving spatial solitons in active nonlinear-optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 599–604 (1998). [CrossRef]
  33. Y. A. Logvin, B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, “Stationary and drifting localized structures near a multiple bifurcation point,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 4622–4625 (2000). [CrossRef]
  34. B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. V. Odent, M. Taki, E. Louvergneaux, “Experimental evidence of dissipative spatial solitons in an optical passive kerr cavity,” New J. Phys. 13, 113026 (2011). [CrossRef]
  36. S. V. Fedorov, A. G. Vladimirov, G. V. Khodova, N. N. Rosanov, “Effect of frequency detunings and finite relaxation rates on laser localized structures,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 5814–5824 (2000). [CrossRef]
  37. L. Gelens, G. Van der Sande, P. Tassin, M. Tlidi, P. Kockaert, D. Gomila, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, “Impact of nonlocal interactions in dissipative systems: Towards minimal-sized localized structures,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063812 (2007). [CrossRef]
  38. M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, F. Prati, L. Spinelli, W. J. Firth, “Spatial soliton pixels in semiconductor devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2042–2045 (1997). [CrossRef]
  39. L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, M. Brambilla, F. Prati, L. A. Lugiato, “Spatial solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 2542–2559 (1998). [CrossRef]
  40. V. B. Taranenko, I. Ganne, R. J. Kuszelewicz, C. O. Weiss, “Patterns and localized structures in bistable semiconductor resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063818 (2000). [CrossRef]
  41. S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödl, “Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductor microcavities,” Nature 419, 699–702 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. Y. Menesguen, S. Barbay, X. Hachair, L. Leroy, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, “Optical self-organization and cavity solitons in optically pumped semiconductor microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023818 (2006). [CrossRef]
  43. Y. Larionova, C. O. Weiss, “Spatial semiconductor resonator solitons with optical pumping,” Opt. Express 13, 10711–10716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, M. Brambilla, “Cavity solitons in a driven vcsel above threshold,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339–351 (2006). [CrossRef]
  45. S. Barbay, R. Kuszelewicz, J. R. Tredicce, “Cavity solitons in vcsel devices,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 628761 (2011).
  46. F. Pedaci, S. Barland, E. Caboche, P. Genevet, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, T. Ackemann, A. J. Scroggie, W. J. Firth, G. L. Oppo, G. Tissoni, R. Jäger, “All-optical delay line using semiconductor cavity solitons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  47. A. Jacobo, D. Gomila, M. A. Matías, P. Colet, “Logical operations with localized structures,” New J. Phys. 14, 013040 (2012). [CrossRef]
  48. F. Pedaci, G. Tissoni, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. Tredicce, “Mapping local defects of extended media using localized structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111104 (2008). [CrossRef]
  49. T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, S. Barbay, “Fast manipulation of laser localized structures in a monolithic vertical cavity with saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 327–331 (2010). [CrossRef]
  50. P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, “Cavity soliton laser based on mutually coupled semiconductor microresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, “Characteristics of laser cavity solitons in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with feedback from a volume bragg grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1388–1395 (2009). [CrossRef]
  53. L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, “Thermal effects and transverse structures in semiconductor microcavities with population inversion,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023817 (2002). [CrossRef]
  54. A. J. Scroggie, J. M. McSloy, W. J. Firth, “Self-propelled cavity solitons in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 036607 (2002). [CrossRef]
  55. M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, D. Pieroux, D. Turaev, “Spontaneous motion of cavity solitons induced by a delayed feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103904 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  56. M. Tlidi, E. Averlant, A. Vladimirov, K. Panajotov, “Delay feedback induces a spontaneous motion of two-dimensional cavity solitons in driven semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 033822 (2012). [CrossRef]
  57. E. Averlant, M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, “Delay induces motion of multipeak localized structures in cavity semiconductors,” Proc. SPIE 8432, 84321D (2012).
  58. S. V. Gurevich, R. Friedrich, “Instabilities of localized structures in dissipative systems with delayed feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 014101 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  59. K. Panajotov, M. Tlidi, “Spontaneous motion of cavity solitons in vertical-cavity lasers subject to optical injection and to delayed feedback,” Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 67–72 (2010). [CrossRef]
  60. F. Prati, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, K. M. Aghdami, M. Brambilla, “Spontaneously moving solitons in a cavity soliton laser with circular section,” Eur. Phys. J. D 59, 73–79 (2010). [CrossRef]
  61. X. Hachair, S. Barland, L. Furfaro, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, I. M. Perrini, G. Tissoni, L. Lugiato, “Cavity solitons in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043817 (2004). [CrossRef]
  62. X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, T. Maggipinto, “Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013815 (2005). [CrossRef]
  63. X. Hachair, G. Tissoni, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, “Linearly polarized bistable localized structure in medium-size vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 011801 (2009). [CrossRef]
  64. M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jager, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, K. J. Ebeling, “High-power vcsels: single devices and densely packed 2-d-arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495–502 (1999). [CrossRef]
  65. M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg, Y. Tanguy, R. Jäger, T. Ackemann, “Length scales and polarization properties of annular standing waves in circular broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 397–403 (2009). [CrossRef]
  66. G. H. M. van Tartwijk, D. Lenstra, “Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, 87–144 (1995). [CrossRef]
  67. P. L. Ramazza, E. Benkler, U. Bortolozzo, S. Boccaletti, S. Ducci, F. T. Arecchi, “Tailoring the profile and interactions of optical localized structures,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066204 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited