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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — May. 19, 2014
  • pp: 11660–11669

A versatile integrating sphere based photoacoustic sensor for trace gas monitoring

Mikael Lassen, David Balslev-Clausen, Anders Brusch, and Jan C. Petersen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 11660-11669 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.011660


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Abstract

A compact versatile photoacoustic (PA) sensor for trace gas detection is reported. The sensor is based on an integrating sphere as the PA absorption cell with an organ pipe tube attached to increase the sensitivity of the PA sensor. The versatility and enhancement of the sensitivity of the PA signal is investigated by monitoring specific ro-vibrational lines of CO2 in the 2 μm wavelength region and of NO2 in the 405 nm region. The measured enhancement factor of the PA signal exceeds 1200, which is due to the acoustic resonance of the tube and the absorption enhancement of the integrating sphere relatively to a non-resonant single pass cell. It is observed that the background absorption signals are highly attenuated due to the thermal conduction and diffusion effects in the polytetrafluoroethylene cell walls. This demonstrates that careful choice of cell wall materials can be highly beneficial to the sensitivity of the PA sensor. These properties makes the sensor suitable for various practical sensor applications in the ultraviolet (UV) to the near infrared (NIR) wavelength region, including climate, environmental and industrial monitoring.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(300.6430) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, photothermal
(110.5125) Imaging systems : Photoacoustics

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: March 24, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 25, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 26, 2014
Published: May 6, 2014

Citation
Mikael Lassen, David Balslev-Clausen, Anders Brusch, and Jan C. Petersen, "A versatile integrating sphere based photoacoustic sensor for trace gas monitoring," Opt. Express 22, 11660-11669 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-10-11660


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