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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — May. 19, 2014
  • pp: 11788–11796

Time-domain stabilization of carrier-envelope phase in femtosecond light pulses

Young-Jin Kim, Ian Coddington, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury, Joohyung Lee, Seungchul Kim, and Seung-Woo Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 11788-11796 (2014)

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We report a time-domain method of stabilizing the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of femtosecond pulses. Temporal variations of the pulse envelope and the carrier electric-field phase were separately detected with the aid of intensity cross-correlation and interferometric cross-correlation. These detected signals were used to stabilize the CEP; the resulting 50-fold improvement in the fractional stability of the carrier-envelop-offset frequency was evaluated as 1.2 × 10−11 at 0.1 second averaging periods and 1.7 × 10−9 at 80 seconds, corresponding to a carrier envelope phase noise of 75 microradians and 10 milliradians, respectively. This method can be realized with a low pulse energy of ~10 pJ and does not require subsequent power amplification or spectral broadening. The high efficiency and short-term stability of this method can facilitate the use of femtosecond lasers in the field of industrial surface measurements, telecommunications, and space sciences.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.3425) Lasers and laser optics : Laser stabilization

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: March 27, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 1, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 2, 2014
Published: May 7, 2014

Young-Jin Kim, Ian Coddington, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury, Joohyung Lee, Seungchul Kim, and Seung-Woo Kim, "Time-domain stabilization of carrier-envelope phase in femtosecond light pulses," Opt. Express 22, 11788-11796 (2014)

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