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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — May. 19, 2014
  • pp: 11849–11860

Spectrally-resolved statistical characterization of seeded supercontinuum suppression using optical time-stretch

Zhibo Ren, Yiqing Xu, Yi Qiu, Kenneth K. Y. Wong, and Kevin Tsia  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 11849-11860 (2014)

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Real-time experimental measurements of the spectrally-resolved noise properties of supercontinuum (SC) have been challenging because of the lack of ultrafast optical spectrometer technologies. Understanding the SC noise is increasingly important because it not only can gain new insight of the complex spectral dynamics of SC generation, but also provides clues to search for stable SC source. Driven by the intense interest in the active seeding mechanism for SC generation, we experimentally demonstrate real-time spectrally-resolved, broadband, statistical characterization of minute continuous-wave (CW) seeded SC, enabled by an ultrahigh-speed spectral acquisition technique called optical time-stretch (OTS). The shot-to-shot statistical analysis shows that the seeded SC exhibits a general compromise between SC bandwidth and spectral stability. OTS also allows us to experimentally identify the seeding condition for SC suppression, in which the spectral broadening is mainly contributed by the cascaded parametric process that delays Akhmediev Breather breakup process and subsequent soliton self-frequency shift. Additionally, the characteristic spectral signature of the Raman solitons, which are becalmed by the minute CW seed, can be clearly captured in real-time by OTS operated at a spectral acquisition rate as high as 20 MHz. We anticipate the OTS technique could provide further new insights for understanding more complex mechanisms of seeded-SC generation which can be examined experimentally.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.6600) Coherence and statistical optics : Statistical optics
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 15, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 5, 2014
Published: May 8, 2014

Zhibo Ren, Yiqing Xu, Yi Qiu, Kenneth K. Y. Wong, and Kevin Tsia, "Spectrally-resolved statistical characterization of seeded supercontinuum suppression using optical time-stretch," Opt. Express 22, 11849-11860 (2014)

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