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Energy Express

  • Editor: Christian Seassal
  • Vol. 22, Iss. S6 — Oct. 20, 2014
  • pp: A1412–A1421

Microstructured porous ZnO thin film for increased light scattering and improved efficiency in inverted organic photovoltaics

Amoolya Nirmal, Aung Ko Ko Kyaw, Xiao Wei Sun, and Hilmi Volkan Demir  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue S6, pp. A1412-A1421 (2014)

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Microstructured porous zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film was developed and demonstrated as an electron selective layer for enhancing light scattering and efficiency in inverted organic photovoltaics. High degree of porosity was induced and controlled in the ZnO layer by incorporation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) organic template. Scanning electron microscopy, contact angle and absorption measurements prove that the ZnO:PEG ratio of 4:1 is optimal for the best performance of porous ZnO. Ensuring sufficient pore-filling, the use of porous ZnO leads to a marked improvement in device performance compared to non-porous ZnO, with 35% increase in current density and 30% increase in efficiency. Haze factor studies indicate that the performance improvement can be primarily attributed to the improved light scattering enabled by such a highly porous structure.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films

ToC Category:
Light Trapping for Photovoltaics

Original Manuscript: July 7, 2014
Revised Manuscript: August 9, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: August 15, 2014
Published: August 28, 2014

Amoolya Nirmal, Aung Ko Ko Kyaw, Xiao Wei Sun, and Hilmi Volkan Demir, "Microstructured porous ZnO thin film for increased light scattering and improved efficiency in inverted organic photovoltaics," Opt. Express 22, A1412-A1421 (2014)

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