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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 11 — Jun. 2, 2014
  • pp: 12817–12822

A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser

Fan Zhang, Bernd Heinen, Matthias Wichmann, Christoph Möller, Bernardette Kunert, Arash Rahimi-Iman, Wolfgang Stolz, and Martin Koch  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 11, pp. 12817-12822 (2014)

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We report on a single-frequency semiconductor disk laser which generates 23.6 W output power in continuous wave operation, at a wavelength of 1013 nm. The high output power is a result of optimizing the chip design, thermal management and the cavity configuration. By applying passive stabilization techniques, the free-running linewidth is measured to be 407 kHz for a sampling time of 1 ms, while undercutting 100 kHz in the microsecond domain.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3570) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, single-mode
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(140.7270) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 27, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 8, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 13, 2014
Published: May 19, 2014

Fan Zhang, Bernd Heinen, Matthias Wichmann, Christoph Möller, Bernardette Kunert, Arash Rahimi-Iman, Wolfgang Stolz, and Martin Koch, "A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Opt. Express 22, 12817-12822 (2014)

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  1. B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012). [CrossRef]
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  5. A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012). [CrossRef]
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  10. B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Gardner, R. Abram, E. Riis, “A birefringent etalon as single-mode selector in a laser cavity,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2365–2370 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. A. R. Albrecht, Y. Wang, M. Ghasemkhani, D. V. Seletskiy, J. G. Cederberg, M. Sheik-Bahae, “Exploring ultrafast negative Kerr effect for mode-locking vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28801–28808 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013). [CrossRef]
  22. J. V. Moloney, I. Kilen, A. Bäumner, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, “Nonequilibrium and thermal effects in mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6422–6427 (2014). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014). [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999). [CrossRef]
  25. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012). [CrossRef]
  27. F. Riehle, Frequency Standards: Basics and Applications, (Wiley-VCH, 2005), Chap. 2.
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