OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 11 — Jun. 2, 2014
  • pp: 13438–13447

Third-order optical nonlinearity at 800 and 1300 nm in bismuthate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles

Feifei Chen, Junwen Cheng, Shixun Dai, Zhe Xu, Wei Ji, Ruiqin Tan, and Qinyuan Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 11, pp. 13438-13447 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1488 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in Ag-doped bismuthate glasses which are prepared by incorporating Ag ions into bismuthate glasses to form Ag nanoparticles through a consecutive melting–quenching–annealing technique are reported. Due to the high refractive index of bismuthate glass, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Ag nanoparticles is extendable to 1400 nm, resulting in a higher nonlinear refractive index than bismuthate glass. Femtosecond Z-scans show that the nonlinear refractive index, as high as 9.4 × 10−17 and 5.6 × 10−18 m2 W−1 at 800 and 1300 nm, respectively, can be achieved by selecting an optimized concentration of Ag nano-sized particles. And two-photon absorption at 800 nm is suppressed due to a blue shift in the band-gap of Ag-doped bismuthate glasses, as compared to pristine bismuthate glasses. Optical Kerr shutter technique reveals that these nonlinearities have a relaxation time of < 1 ps.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 4, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 15, 2014
Published: May 27, 2014

Feifei Chen, Junwen Cheng, Shixun Dai, Zhe Xu, Wei Ji, Ruiqin Tan, and Qinyuan Zhang, "Third-order optical nonlinearity at 800 and 1300 nm in bismuthate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles," Opt. Express 22, 13438-13447 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2008).
  2. W. H. Dumbaugh, J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, “Ultrafast response of third-order optical nonlinearity in glasses containing Bi2O3,” Opt. Lett. 21(20), 1637–1639 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995).
  9. S. P. Singh, B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. L. De Boni, E. C. Barbano, T. A. de Assumpção, L. Misoguti, L. R. P. Kassab, S. C. Zilio, “Femtosecond third-order nonlinear spectra of lead-germanium oxide glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6844–6850 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Ghosh, P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, “Optical nonlinearities of small metal particles: surface-mediated resonance and quantum size effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3(12), 1647–1655 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. E. W. Van Stryland, M. A. Woodall, H. Vanherzeele, M. J. Soileau, “Energy band-gap dependence of two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 10(10), 490–492 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Guo, C. Hou, F. Gao, A. Lin, P. Wang, Z. Zhou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of GeS2-Sb2S3-CdS chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23275–23284 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, “Highly nonlinear As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 119–121 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, “Two-photon absorption as a limitation to all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 14(20), 1140–1142 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997). [CrossRef]
  31. H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited