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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 11 — Jun. 2, 2014
  • pp: 13484–13491

A 3D integral imaging optical see-through head-mounted display

Hong Hua and Bahram Javidi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 11, pp. 13484-13491 (2014)

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An optical see-through head-mounted display (OST-HMD), which enables optical superposition of digital information onto the direct view of the physical world and maintains see-through vision to the real world, is a vital component in an augmented reality (AR) system. A key limitation of the state-of-the-art OST-HMD technology is the well-known accommodation-convergence mismatch problem caused by the fact that the image source in most of the existing AR displays is a 2D flat surface located at a fixed distance from the eye. In this paper, we present an innovative approach to OST-HMD designs by combining the recent advancement of freeform optical technology and microscopic integral imaging (micro-InI) method. A micro-InI unit creates a 3D image source for HMD viewing optics, instead of a typical 2D display surface, by reconstructing a miniature 3D scene from a large number of perspective images of the scene. By taking advantage of the emerging freeform optical technology, our approach will result in compact, lightweight, goggle-style AR display that is potentially less vulnerable to the accommodation-convergence discrepancy problem and visual fatigue. A proof-of-concept prototype system is demonstrated, which offers a goggle-like compact form factor, non-obstructive see-through field of view, and true 3D virtual display.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.2820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Heads-up displays
(120.4570) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical design of instruments
(330.7338) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visually coupled optical systems

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: March 4, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 1, 2014
Published: May 28, 2014

Hong Hua and Bahram Javidi, "A 3D integral imaging optical see-through head-mounted display," Opt. Express 22, 13484-13491 (2014)

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