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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 11 — Jun. 2, 2014
  • pp: 13825–13834

High resolution heterodyne spectroscopy of the atmospheric methane NIR absorption

Alexander Rodin, Artem Klimchuk, Alexander Nadezhdinskiy, Dmitry Churbanov, and Maxim Spiridonov  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 11, pp. 13825-13834 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.013825


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Abstract

The paper describes the concept of a compact, lightweight heterodyne NIR spectro-radiometer suitable for atmospheric sounding with solar occultations, and the first measurement of CO2 and CH4 absorption near 1.65 μm with spectral resolution λ/δλ~108. A highly stabilized DFB laser was used as local oscillator, while single model silica fiber Y-coupler served as a diplexer. Radiation mixed in the single mode fiber was detected by a balanced couple of InGaAs p-i-n diodes within the bandpass of ~3 MHz. Wavelength coverage of spectral measurement was provided by sweeping local oscillator frequency in the range of 1.1 cm−1. With the exposure time of 10 min, the absorption spectrum of the atmosphere over Moscow has been recorded with S/N ~120, limited by shot noise. The inversion algorithm applied to this spectrum resulted in methane vertical profile with a maximum mixing ratio of 2148 ± 10 ppbv near the surface and column density 4.59 ± 0.02·1022 cm−2.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric composition
(040.2840) Detectors : Heterodyne
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: March 10, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 25, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 25, 2014
Published: May 30, 2014

Citation
Alexander Rodin, Artem Klimchuk, Alexander Nadezhdinskiy, Dmitry Churbanov, and Maxim Spiridonov, "High resolution heterodyne spectroscopy of the atmospheric methane NIR absorption," Opt. Express 22, 13825-13834 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-11-13825


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