OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 13 — Jun. 30, 2014
  • pp: 15424–15436

Short-pulse controlled optical switch using external cavity based single mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode

Bikash Nakarmi, Tran Quoc Hoai, Yong-Hyub Won, and Xuping Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 13, pp. 15424-15436 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.015424


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1739 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme for short pulse controlled all-optical switch using external cavity based single mode Fabry- Pérot laser diode (SMFP-LD). The proposed scheme consists of control unit and switching unit as two essential blocks. The basic principle of the proposed scheme is the optical bistability property of SMFP-LD for the control unit and the suppression of the dominant beam of SMFP-LD with injection locking for the switching unit. We also present the analysis of hysteresis width and rising/falling time with change in wavelength detuning which helps to find the optimum wavelength detuning value and power of light beams at different stages of the proposed scheme that gives wide input dynamic power range, high ON/OFF contrast ratio, and low rising/falling time. Input data of 10 Gb/s Non Return to Zero (NRZ) signal is switched at output ports depending upon the control signal generated by the control unit, which comprises of optical SR latch. Output waveforms, clear eye diagrams with extinction ratio of about 11 dB, rising/falling time of about 30 ps and 40 ps, and bit error rate (BER) are measured to validate proposed scheme. No noise floor is observed at output ports up to BER of 1012 and the maximum power penalty recorded is about 1.7 dB at a BER of 109 which shows good performance of the proposed short pulse controlled optical switch using SMFP-LDs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices
(250.6715) Optoelectronics : Switching

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: May 8, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 10, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2014
Published: June 17, 2014

Citation
Bikash Nakarmi, Tran Quoc Hoai, Yong-Hyub Won, and Xuping Zhang, "Short-pulse controlled optical switch using external cavity based single mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode," Opt. Express 22, 15424-15436 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-13-15424


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 103–108 (2007).
  2. E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.
  3. J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express16(17), 13133–13138 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. J. Barker, A. Benner, R. Hoare, A. Hoisie, A. K. Jones, D. K. Kerbyson, D. Li, R. Melhem, R. Rajamony, E. Schenfeld, S. Shao, C. Stunkel, and P. Walker, “On the feasibility of optical circuit switching for high performance computing systems,” Proceedings of ACM/IEEE Supercomputing, (Seattle, WA, 2005), pp. 16. [CrossRef]
  5. R. Hemenway, R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, and R. Luijten, “Optical packet-switched interconnect for super-computer applications,” J. Opt. Netw.3(12), 900–914 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. Gvozdić, M. M. Krstić, and J. V. Crnjanski, “Switching time in optically bistable injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4200–4202 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. M. Krstić, J. V. Crnjanski, and D. M. Gvozdić, “Injection power and detuning-dependent bistability in Fabry Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 826–833 (2012). [CrossRef]
  8. G. T. Kanellos, D. Fitsios, T. Alexoudi, C. Vagionas, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Bringing WDM Into Optical Static RAM Architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(6), 988–995 (2013). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Maniotis, D. Fitsios, G. T. Kanellos, and N. Pleros, “Optical Buffering for Chip Multiprocessors: A 16GHz Optical Cache Memory Architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(24), 4175–4191 (2013). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Low-switching power (<45mW) optical bistability based on optical nonlinearity of ytterbium-doped fiber with a fiber Bragg grating pair,” J. Mod. Opt.59(2), 161–165 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Jamali, V. Ahmadi, and M. Razaghi, “Optical self-switching based on a semiconductor- optical-amplifier-assisted Sagnac interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B30(10), 2576–2583 (2013). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Ju, S. Zhang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waardt, E. Tangdiongga, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA-based all-optical switch with subpicosecond full recovery,” Opt. Express13(3), 942–947 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Zang and W. Yang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of all-optical switching based on cascaded LPFGs separated by an erbium-doped fiber,” J. Appl. Opt.109, 103106 (2011).
  14. Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Analysis of optical switching in a Yb3+-doped fiber Bragg grating by using self-phase modulation and cross-phase modulation,” Appl. Opt.51(16), 3424–3430 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. M. Martinez, J. Herrera, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, “All-optical Address Recognition Scheme for Label Swapping Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 151–153 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. J. P. Wang, B. S. Robinson, S. J. Savage, S. A. Hamilton, E. P. Ippen, R. Mu, H. Wang, J. Sarathy, and B. B. Stefanov, “Efficient performance optimization of SOA-MZI devices,” Opt. Express16(5), 3288–3292 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express6(2), 104–110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express14(9), 4058–4063 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, and Y. H. Won, “Realization of all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder with input beam power management for multi-input injection locking in a single-mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express19(15), 14121–14129 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. B. Nakarmi, Y. H. Won, and X. Zhang, “External cavity based single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode and its application towards all-optical digital circuits,” Proceedings of SPIE Photonics Asia, (Beijing, 2012), pp. 57–58.
  24. E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(1), 90–99 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, S. O. Choi, and J. H. Yoon, “Tunable single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diode using a built-in external cavity and its modulation characteristics,” Opt. Lett.31(17), 2586–2588 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013). [CrossRef]
  27. H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 536–538 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited