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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 13 — Jun. 30, 2014
  • pp: 16445–16455

Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser

Christian A. Zaugg, Alexander Klenner, Mario Mangold, Aline S. Mayer, Sandro M. Link, Florian Emaury, Matthias Golling, Emilio Gini, Clara J. Saraceno, Bauke W. Tilma, and Ursula Keller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 13, pp. 16445-16455 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.016445


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Abstract

We present a 1.75-GHz self-referenceable frequency comb from a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) passively modelocked with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). The VECSEL delivers 231-fs pulses with an average power of 100 mW and is optimized for stable and reliable operation. The optical spectrum was centered around 1038 nm and nearly transform-limited with a full width half maximum (FWHM) bandwidth of 5.5 nm. The pulses were first amplified to an average power of 5.5 W using a backward-pumped Yb-doped double-clad large mode area (LMA) fiber and then compressed to 85 fs with 2.2 W of average power with a passive LMA fiber and transmission gratings. Subsequently, we launched the pulses into a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and generated a coherent octave-spanning supercontinuum (SC). We then detected the carrier-envelope offset (CEO) frequency (fCEO) beat note using a standard f-to-2f-interferometer. The fCEO exhibits a signal-to-noise ratio of 17 dB in a 100-kHz resolution bandwidth and a FWHM of ≈10 MHz. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the detection of the fCEO from a semiconductor laser, opening the door to fully stabilized compact frequency combs based on modelocked semiconductor disk lasers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation
(140.7270) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 21, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 19, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 20, 2014
Published: June 26, 2014

Citation
Christian A. Zaugg, Alexander Klenner, Mario Mangold, Aline S. Mayer, Sandro M. Link, Florian Emaury, Matthias Golling, Emilio Gini, Clara J. Saraceno, Bauke W. Tilma, and Ursula Keller, "Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser," Opt. Express 22, 16445-16455 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-13-16445


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