OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 13 — Jun. 30, 2014
  • pp: 16538–16551

Analysis of multi-wavelength active coherent polarization beam combining system

Pengfei Ma, Xiaolin Wang, Yanxing Ma, Pu Zhou, and Zejin Liu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 13, pp. 16538-16551 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1520 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this manuscript, the multi-wavelength active coherent polarization beam combining (CPBC) system is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The relationship between the combining efficiency and the optical path difference (OPD), wavelength number, and the spectral density of power of the amplifier chains is analyzed and validated by establishing a two-channel multi-wavelength CPBC system. Further, the relationship between the combining efficiency and the voltage signal of the photo-detector is developed and validated experimentally. Finally, the feasibility of the active CPBC technique with complex spectral structures is verified and as high as 96% combining efficiency is obtained based on all fiber delay lines to compensate the OPD between different channels, which is crucial for further power scaling of the CPBC system. Our theoretical analysis offers a useful approach to estimate the influence of OPDs, wavelength number, and the spectral density of power of the amplifier chains on multi-wavelength active CPBC system.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3298) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam combining
(140.3425) Lasers and laser optics : Laser stabilization

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 19, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 12, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 18, 2014
Published: June 27, 2014

Pengfei Ma, Xiaolin Wang, Yanxing Ma, Pu Zhou, and Zejin Liu, "Analysis of multi-wavelength active coherent polarization beam combining system," Opt. Express 22, 16538-16551 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, R. J. Beach, M. Y. Shverdin, E. A. Stappaerts, A. K. Sridharan, P. H. Pax, J. E. Heebner, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Analysis of the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers and amplifiers to high average power,” Opt. Express16(17), 13240–13266 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics7(11), 861–867 (2013). [CrossRef]
  3. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express14(25), 12015–12021 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Flores, T. M. Shay, C. A. Lu, C. Robin, B. Pulford, A. D. Sanchez, D. W. Hult, and K. B. Rowland, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers in a kW regime,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO):Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CFE3. [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Ma, X. Wang, J. Leng, H. Xiao, X. Dong, J. Zhu, W. Du, P. Zhou, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, “Coherent beam combination of 1.08 kW fiber amplifier array using single frequency dithering technique,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 951–953 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Zhou, Y. Ma, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Coherent beam combination of three two-tone fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” Opt. Lett.34(19), 2939–2941 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. L. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. X. Ma, J. Y. Leng, X. J. Xu, and Z. J. Liu, “Active phasing a nine-element 1.14 kW all-fiber two-tone MOPA array using SPGD algorithm,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3121–3123 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. D. Goodno, S. J. McNaught, J. E. Rothenberg, T. S. McComb, P. A. Thielen, M. G. Wickham, and M. E. Weber, “Active phase and polarization locking of a 1.4 kW fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1542–1544 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Flores, C. Lu, C. Robin, S. Naderi, C. Vergien, and I. Dajani, “Experimental and theoretical studies of phase modulation in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE8381, 83811B (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, “Coherent combining of a 4 kW, eight-element fiber amplifier array,” Opt. Lett.36(14), 2686–2688 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Bourderionnet, C. Bellanger, J. Primot, and A. Brignon, “Collective coherent phase combining of 64 fibers,” Opt. Express19(18), 17053–17058 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. J. Corcoran and F. Durville, “Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86, 201118 (2005).
  13. B. S. Wang, E. Mies, M. Minden, and A. Sanchez, “All-fiber 50 W coherently combined passive laser array,” Opt. Lett.34(7), 863–865 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, “Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler,” Opt. Express10(21), 1167–1172 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Khajavikhan and J. R. Leger, “Modal Analysis of path length sensitivity in superposition architectures for coherent laser beam combining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 460–472 (2007).
  16. J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, “Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Opt. Lett.32(13), 1842–1844 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. F. Yang, M. Hu, B. He, J. Zhou, H. K. Liu, S. J. Dai, Y. R. Wei, and Q. H. Lou, “Passive coherent beam combining of four Yb-doped fiber amplifier chains with injection-locked seed source,” Opt. Lett.38(6), 854–856 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. A. Vorontsov and S. L. Lachinova, “Laser beam projection with adaptive array of fiber collimators. I. Basic considerations for analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(8), 1949–1959 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. M. Redmond, D. J. Ripin, C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, P. A. Thielen, J. E. Rothenberg, and G. D. Goodno, “Diffractive coherent combining of a 2.5 kW fiber laser array into a 1.9 kW Gaussian beam,” Opt. Lett.37(14), 2832–2834 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, T. G. Alley, A. D. Sanchez, A. S. Flores, and B. Pulford, “Coherent combination of high power fiber amplifiers in a two-dimensional re-imaging waveguide,” Opt. Express18(13), 13547–13553 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. G. Tiemann, “Coherent polarization beam combination,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46, 1191–1196 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. A. Siiman, W. Z. Chang, T. Zhou, and A. Galvanauskas, “Coherent femtosecond pulse combining of multiple parallel chirped pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(16), 18097–18116 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. F. Ma, P. Zhou, R. T. Su, Y. X. Ma, and Z. J. Liu, “Coherent polarization beam combining of eight fiber lasers using single-frequency dithering technique,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(6), 456–458 (2012). [CrossRef]
  24. P. F. Ma, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, Y. X. Ma, R. T. Su, and Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a 481 W single frequency and linearly polarized beam by coherent polarization locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(19), 1936–1938 (2013). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, M. Kienel, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “530 W, 1.3 mJ, four-channel coherently combined femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett.38(13), 2283–2285 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Kai, X. Xiaojun, and L. Zejin, “Analysis of multiwavelength coherent beam combining effect,” Appl. Opt.51(34), 8132–8140 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. G. D. Goodno, C. C. Shih, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Perturbative analysis of coherent combining efficiency with mismatched lasers,” Opt. Express18(24), 25403–25414 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, Y. Ma, R. Su, and Z. Liu, “Influence of perturbative phase noise on active coherent polarization beam combining system,” Opt. Express21(24), 29666–29678 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. V. Khitrov, K. Farley, R. Leveille, J. Galipeau, I. Majid, S. Christensen, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “kW level narrow linewidth Yb fiber amplifiers for beam combining,” Proc. SPIE7686, 76860A (2010). [CrossRef]
  30. D. Engin, W. Lu, M. Akbulut, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, and S. Gupta, “1 kW cw Yb-fiber-amplifier with <0.5 GHz linewidth and near-diffraction limited beam quality, for coherent combining application,” Proc. SPIE7, 1407 (2011).
  31. Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, “Coherent beam combination with single frequency dithering technique,” Opt. Lett.35(9), 1308–1310 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, W. N. Zhang, X. M. Wei, Q. Qian, D. D. Chen, Q. Y. Zhang, S. X. Shen, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “400 mW ultrashort cavity low-noise single-frequency Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(18), 3708–3710 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. R. Tao, X. Wang, P. Zhou, L. Si, and Z. Liu, “Widely tunable mode-locked all-fiberized Yb-doped fiber laser with near-transform-limited spectrum linewidth,” Appl. Phys. B116, 115–119 (2014).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited