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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 14 — Jul. 14, 2014
  • pp: 16676–16685

Kinoform diffractive lenses for efficient nano-focusing of hard X-rays

Petri Karvinen, Daniel Grolimund, Markus Willimann, Beat Meyer, Mario Birri, Camelia Borca, Jens Patommel, Gerd Wellenreuther, Gerald Falkenberg, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Andreas Menzel, and Christian David  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 14, pp. 16676-16685 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.016676


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Abstract

A nano-focusing module based on two linear Fresnel zone plates is presented. The zone plates are designed to generate a kinoform phase profile in tilted geometry, thus overcoming the efficiency limitations of binary diffractive structures. Adjustment of the tilt angle enables tuning of the setup for optimal efficiency over a wide range of photon energies, ranging from 5 to 20 keV. Diffraction efficiency of more than 50% was measured for the full module at 8 keV photon energy. A diffraction limited spot size of 100 nm was verified by ptychographic reconstruction for a lens module with a large entrance aperture of 440 μm × 400 μm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(340.6720) X-ray optics : Synchrotron radiation
(340.7460) X-ray optics : X-ray microscopy
(050.1965) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive lenses

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 24, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 12, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 15, 2014
Published: June 30, 2014

Citation
Petri Karvinen, Daniel Grolimund, Markus Willimann, Beat Meyer, Mario Birri, Camelia Borca, Jens Patommel, Gerd Wellenreuther, Gerald Falkenberg, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Andreas Menzel, and Christian David, "Kinoform diffractive lenses for efficient nano-focusing of hard X-rays," Opt. Express 22, 16676-16685 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-14-16676


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