OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 14 — Jul. 14, 2014
  • pp: 17546–17552

Nonreciprocal optical transmission through a single conical air hole in an Ag film

Nan Peng, Xiaokang Li, and Weilong She  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 14, pp. 17546-17552 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2645 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper, we propose a simple metal micro-nano structure having the character of nonreciprocal optical zero-order transmission. The structure is a single conical air hole (CAH) in an Ag film whose optical absorption with geometric asymmetry breaks the time reversal symmetry of the electromagnetic field. By comparing the transmissions of Ag CAH with those of ideal conductor (IC) CAH, three effects of Ag CAH, including diffraction, Fabry-Perot-like (FPL) resonance and localized surface plasmon (LSP) resonance, are analyzed and discussed. Under optimized conditions, we find that the ratio of forward transmission to backward one can be larger than 9 at a proper wavelength in visible range. This kind of Ag CAH is expected to have the potential served as all-optical diode.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 8, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 3, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 3, 2014
Published: July 11, 2014

Nan Peng, Xiaokang Li, and Weilong She, "Nonreciprocal optical transmission through a single conical air hole in an Ag film," Opt. Express 22, 17546-17552 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical diode in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(3), 314 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Tocci, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, and C. M. Bowden, “Thinfilm nonlinear optical diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(18), 2324 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Hwang, M. H. Song, B. Park, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, J. W. Wu, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Electro-tunable optical diode based on photonic bandgap liquid-crystal heterojunctions,” Nat. Mater. 4(5), 383–387 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Vanwolleghem, X. Checoury, W. Śmigaj, B. Gralak, L. Magdenko, K. Postava, B. Dagens, P. Beauvillain, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Unidirectional band gaps in uniformly magnetized two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 80(12), 121102 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. M. W. Feise, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Bistable diode action in left-handed periodic structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(33 Pt 2B), 037602 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Mujumdar and H. Ramachandran, “Use of a graded gain random amplifier as an optical diode,” Opt. Lett. 26(12), 929–931 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, “One-way diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5), 056611 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. E. Serebryannikov, “One-way diffraction effects in photonic crystal gratings made of isotropic materials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 155117 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Biancalana, “All-optical diode action with quasiperiodic photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(9), 093113 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Wang, C. Z. Zhou, and Z. Y. Li, “On-chip optical diode based on silicon photonic crystal heterojunctions,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26948–26955 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Cakmakyapan, A. E. Serebryannikov, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “One-way transmission through the subwavelength slit in nonsymmetric metallic gratings,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2597–2599 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Experimental validation of strong directional selectivity in nonsymmetric metallic gratings with a subwavelength slit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051103 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y. X. Fan, and H. T. Wang, “Unidirectional optical transmission in dual-metal gratings in the absence of anisotropic and nonlinear materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1905–1907 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Stolarek, D. Yavorskiy, R. Kotyński, C. J. Zapata Rodríguez, J. Łusakowski, and T. Szoplik, “Asymmetric transmission of terahertz radiation through a double grating,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 839–841 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Gao, Z. Y. Zheng, H. Y. Hao, A. G. Dong, Z. J. Fan, and D. H. Liu, “Mechanism of optical unidirectional transmission in subwavelength dual-metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. B 114(3), 401–406 (2014). [CrossRef]
  16. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(14), 2845–2848 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domian Method (Artech House INC, Norwood, 2000).
  23. A. D. Rakić, A. B. Djurišić, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5271–5283 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited