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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2014
  • pp: 17769–17775

Integrated polarizers based on tapered highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers

Priscila Romagnoli, Claudecir R. Biazoli, Marcos A. R. Franco, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, and Christiano J. S. de Matos  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 15, pp. 17769-17775 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.017769


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Abstract

This paper proposes and demonstrates the creation of sections with a high polarization dependent loss (PDL) in a commercial highly birefringent (polarization maintaining) photonic crystal fiber (PCF), via tapering with pressure applied to the holes. The tapers had a 1-cm-long uniform section with a 66% scale reduction, in which the original microstructure aspect ratio was kept by the pressure application. The resulting waveguides show polarizing action across the entire tested wavelength range, 1510-1600 nm, with a peak PDL of 35.3 dB/cm (c.f. ~1 dB/cm for a typical commercial polarizing fiber). The resulting structure, as well as its production, is extremely simple, and enable a small section with a high PDL to be obtained in a polarization maintaining PCF, meaning that the polarization axes in the polarizing and polarization maintaining sections are automatically aligned.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(130.5440) Integrated optics : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: May 30, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 3, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 7, 2014
Published: July 14, 2014

Citation
Priscila Romagnoli, Claudecir R. Biazoli, Marcos A. R. Franco, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, and Christiano J. S. de Matos, "Integrated polarizers based on tapered highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 22, 17769-17775 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-15-17769


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