OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2014
  • pp: 18186–18194

All-optical gain-clamped EDFA using external saturation signal for burst-mode upstream in TWDM-PONs

Han Hyub Lee, Jong Hyun Lee, and Sang Soo Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 15, pp. 18186-18194 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2001 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



While the gain-transient suppression of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) has been widely studied, the large interval between upstream burst-mode signals from optical network units (ONUs) in time- and wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs) presents new challenges. A non-gain-clamped EDFA acting as a preamplifier does not have the desired overshoot on the burst-mode signal when there are only a few ONUs in operation in the TWDM-PON. To solve this problem, we propose an all-optical gain-clamped EDFA (OGC-EDFA) that uses a distributed feedback laser diode to generate a saturation signal. An OGC-EDFA based on a ring laser configuration was also tested to compare the overshoot performance; the both OGC-EDFAs showed negligible overshoot performance. Given the negligible overshoot and wide input dynamic range of the OGC-EDFA, the proposed amplifier is thought to be a simple, low-cost solution for TWDM-PON applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: May 8, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 4, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 7, 2014
Published: July 21, 2014

Han Hyub Lee, Jong Hyun Lee, and Sang Soo Lee, "All-optical gain-clamped EDFA using external saturation signal for burst-mode upstream in TWDM-PONs," Opt. Express 22, 18186-18194 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40 Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” OFC/NFOEC 2012, paper PDP5D.7 (2012).
  2. E. Wong, M. Mueller, and M. C. Amann, “Characterization of energy-efficient and colorless ONUs for future TWDM-PONs,” Opt. Express21(18), 20747–20761 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. FSAN next generation PON task group, http://www.fsan.org/task-groups/ngpon/ .
  4. 40-Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (NG-PON2): Physical media dependent (PMD) layer specification, ITU-T G.989.2 (2013).
  5. K. Kim, J. Lee, S. Lee, J. Lee, and Y. Jang, “Low-cost, low-power, high-capacity 3R OEO-Type reach extender for a long-reach TDMA-PON,” ETRI. J.34(3), 352–360 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. X. Qiu, “Burst mode receiver technology for short synchronization,”, OFC/NFOEC 2013, Tutorial OW3G.4 (2013).
  7. J. Kim, J. J. Lee, S. Lee, and Y. Kim, “Physical media dependent prototype for 10-Gigabit-capable PON OLT,” ETRIJ35(2), 245–252 (2013). [CrossRef]
  8. 40-Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (NG-PON2): Transmission convergence (TC) layer specification, ITU-T G.989.3, under study in ITU-T SG15.
  9. R. Kubo, J.-i. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. H. H. Lee, K. Kim, J. Lee, and S. Lee, “Efficient power-saving 10-Gb/s ONU using uplink usage-dependent sleep mode control algorithm in WDM-PON,” ETRI J.35(2), 253–258 (2013). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, B. J. Puttnam, and N. Wada, “Burst-mode optical amplifier,” OFC/NFOEC 2010, paper OTh14 (2010).
  12. N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, “First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach,” ECOC 2005, paper Tu1.3.3 (2005).
  13. P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135 km, 8192-split, carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2 x 32 x 10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 463–474 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Nakaji and M. Shigematsu, “Wavelength dependence of dynamic gain fluctuation in a high-speed automatic gain controlled erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(2), 203–205 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. H. H. Lee, D. Lee, H. S. Chung, and H. J. Lee, “Effective suppression of signal-wavelength dependent transients in a pump-controlled L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1462–1464 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier, (Academic Press, 1999).
  17. J. T. Ahn and K. H. Kim, “All-optical gain-clamped Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with improved noise figure and freedom from relaxation oscillation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(1), 84–86 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, and M. A. Ali, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of relaxation-oscillations and spectral hole burning effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFA’s for WDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.16(4), 527–533 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Sugawa, H. Ikeda, S. Matsuda, and M. Suzuki, “Optical amplifier technologies for high power budget PON Systems,” COIN2012, paper WF.3 (2012).
  20. Licomm Corp, “XOA,” http://licomm.com/2011/product/product_detail.asp?Depth1=1&Depth2=4&Seq=96 .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited