OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2014
  • pp: 18214–18223

Advanced phasemeter for deep phase modulation interferometry

Thomas S. Schwarze, Oliver Gerberding, Felipe Guzmán Cervantes, Gerhard Heinzel, and Karsten Danzmann  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 15, pp. 18214-18223 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (655 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the development of an advanced phasemeter for the deep phase modulation interferometry technique. This technique aims for precise length measurements with a high dynamic range using little optical hardware. The advanced phasemeter uses fast ADCs and an FPGA to implement a design of multiple single-bin Fourier transforms running at high sampling rates. Non-linear noise sources in the design were analyzed and suppressed. A null measurement with an optical beatnote signal using λ = 1064nm was conducted. It showed a sensitivity of 0.8 μ rad / Hz below 10Hz and 13.3 μ rad / Hz above, with a large dynamic range. The shown performance could enable the measuring of optical path lengths with sensitivities down to 0.14 pm / Hz and 2.3 pm / Hz, respectively, over several fringes in an interferometric setup.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(120.5060) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase modulation

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: May 12, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 16, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 22, 2014
Published: July 21, 2014

Thomas S. Schwarze, Oliver Gerberding, Felipe Guzmán Cervantes, Gerhard Heinzel, and Karsten Danzmann, "Advanced phasemeter for deep phase modulation interferometry," Opt. Express 22, 18214-18223 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. O. Sasaki and K. Takahashi, “Sinusoidal phase modulating interferometer using optical fibers for displacement measurement,” Appl. Opt.27(19), 4139–4142 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Danzmann and A. Rüdiger, “LISA technology - concept, status, prospects,” Classical Quant. Grav.20(10), 1–9 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Anza, M. Armano, E. Balaguer, M. Benedetti, C. Boatella, P. Bosetti, D. Bortoluzzi, N. Brandt, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, L. Carbone, A. Cavalleri, A. Ciccolella, I. Cristofolini, M. Cruise, M. Da Lio, K. Danzmann, D. Desiderio, R. Dolesi, N. Dunbar, W. Fichter, C. Garcia, E. Garcia-Berro, A. Garcia, R. Gerndt, A. Gianolio, D. Giardini, R. Gruenagel, A. Hammesfahr, G. Heinzel, J. Hough, D. Hoyland, M. Hueller, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, S. Kemble, C. Killow, D. Kolbe, M. Landgraf, A. Lobo, V. Lorizzo, D. Mance, K. Middleton, F. Nappo, M. Nofrarias, G. Racca, J. Ramos, D. Robertson, M. Sallusti, M. Sandford, J. Sanjuan, P. Sarra, A. Selig, D. Shaul, D. Smart, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, T. Sumner, C. Tirabassi, S. Tobin, S. Vitale, V. Wand, H. Ward, W. J. Weber, and P. Zweifel, “The LTP experiment on the LISA Pathfinder mission,” Classical Quant. Grav.22(10), 125–138 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Pierce, J. Leitch, M. Stephens, P. Bender, and R. Nerem, “Intersatellite range monitoring using optical interferometry,” Appl. Opt.47(27), 5007–5019 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. H. Galeti, P. L. Berton, C. Kitano, R. T. Higuti, R. C. Carbonari, and E. C. N. Silva, “Wide dynamic range homodyne interferometry method and its application for piezoactuator displacement measurements,” Appl. Opt.52(28), 6919–6930 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. O. Sasaki and H. Okazaki, “Sinusoidal phase modulating interferometry for surface profile measurement,” Appl. Opt.25(18), 3137–3140 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. Sasaki, H. Okazaki, and M. Sakai, “Sinusoidal phase modulating interferometer using the integrating-bucket method,” Appl. Opt.26(6), 1089–1093 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. E. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. J. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of the LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Classical Quant. Grav.22(10), 149–154 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Dehne, M. Tröbs, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “Verification of polarising optics for the LISA optical bench,” Opt. Express20(25), 27273–27287 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Heinzel, F. G. Cervantes, A. Garcia, J. Kullmann, W. Feng, and K. Danzmann, “Deep phase modulation interferometry,” Opt. Express18(18), 19076–19086 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. P. Lipshitz, R. A. Wannamaker, and J. Vanderkooy., “Quantization and dither: A theoretical survey,” in Audio Engineering Society Convention, (Audio Engineering Society, 1991), pp. 3141.
  12. T. Xinguang, L. Xin, C. Hong, and D. Miyi., “DDFS spurious signals due to amplitude quantization in absence of phase-accumulator truncation,” J. Syst. Eng. Electron.20(3), 485–492 (2009).
  13. D. Shaddock, B. Ware, P. G. Halverson, R. E. Spero, and B. Klipstein, “Overview of the LISA Phasemeter,” AIP Conf. Proc.873(1), 654–660 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited