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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2014
  • pp: 18310–18324

Boundary-artifact-free phase retrieval with the transport of intensity equation II: applications to microlens characterization

Chao Zuo, Qian Chen, Hongru Li, Weijuan Qu, and Anand Asundi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 15, pp. 18310-18324 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.018310


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Abstract

Boundary conditions play a crucial role in the solution of the transport of intensity equation (TIE). If not appropriately handled, they can create significant boundary artifacts across the reconstruction result. In a previous paper [Opt. Express 22, 9220 (2014)], we presented a new boundary-artifact-free TIE phase retrieval method with use of discrete cosine transform (DCT). Here we report its experimental investigations with applications to the micro-optics characterization. The experimental setup is based on a tunable lens based 4f system attached to a non-modified inverted bright-field microscope. We establish inhomogeneous Neumann boundary values by placing a rectangular aperture in the intermediate image plane of the microscope. Then the boundary values are applied to solve the TIE with our DCT-based TIE solver. Experimental results on microlenses highlight the importance of boundary conditions that often overlooked in simplified models, and confirm that our approach effectively avoid the boundary error even when objects are located at the image borders. It is further demonstrated that our technique is non-interferometric, accurate, fast, full-field, and flexible, rendering it a promising metrological tool for the micro-optics inspection.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.3010) Image processing : Image reconstruction techniques
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement

ToC Category:
Image Processing

History
Original Manuscript: April 14, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 9, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 26, 2014
Published: July 22, 2014

Citation
Chao Zuo, Qian Chen, Hongru Li, Weijuan Qu, and Anand Asundi, "Boundary-artifact-free phase retrieval with the transport of intensity equation II: applications to microlens characterization," Opt. Express 22, 18310-18324 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-15-18310


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