OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 16 — Aug. 11, 2014
  • pp: 19149–19155

Fabrication of porous metal nanoparticles and microbumps by means of nanosecond laser pulses focused through the fiber microaxicon

Aleksandr Kuchmizhak, Stanislav Gurbatov, Yuri Kulchin, and Oleg Vitrik  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 16, pp. 19149-19155 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2491 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a novel optical element – fiber microaxicon (FMA) for laser radiation focusing into a diffraction-limited spot with Bessel-like profile as well as for precision laser nanostructuring of metal film surfaces. Using the developed FMA for single-pulse irradiation of Au/Pd metal films on quartz substrate we have demonstrated the formation of submicron hollow microbumps with a small spike atop as well as hollow spherical nanoparticles. Experimental conditions for controllable and reproducible formation of ordered arrays of such microstructures were defined. The internal structure of the fabricated nanoparticles and nanobumps was experimentally studied using both argon ions polishing and scanning electron microscopy. These methods reveal a porous inner structure of laser-induced nanoparticles and nanobumps, which presumably indicates that a subsurface boiling of the molten metal film is a key mechanism determining the formation process of such structures.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

Original Manuscript: June 19, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 23, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 24, 2014
Published: July 31, 2014

Aleksandr Kuchmizhak, Stanislav Gurbatov, Yuri Kulchin, and Oleg Vitrik, "Fabrication of porous metal nanoparticles and microbumps by means of nanosecond laser pulses focused through the fiber microaxicon," Opt. Express 22, 19149-19155 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, “Time-resolved studies of femtosecond-laser induced melt dynamics,” Opt. Express20(22), 24864–24872 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Nakata, N. Miyanaga, and T. Okada, “Effect of pulse width and fluence of femtosecond laser on the size of nanobump array,” Appl. Surf. Sci.253(15), 6555–6557 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Nakata, N. Miyanaga, K. Momoo, and T. Hiromoto, “Solid-liquid-solid process for forming free-standing gold nanowhisker superlattice by interfering femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci.274, 27–32 (2013). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Nakata, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, “Nano-sized hollow bump array generated by single femtosecond laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.42(12A), L1452–L1454 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. A. I. Kuznetsov, J. Koch, and B. N. Chichkov, “Laser-induced backward transfer of gold nanodroplets,” Opt. Express17(21), 18820–18825 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. I. Kuznetsov, R. Kiyan, and B. N. Chichkov, “Laser fabrication of 2D and 3D metal nanoparticle structures and arrays,” Opt. Express18(20), 21198–21203 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. N. Kulchin, O. B. Vitrik, A. A. Kuchmizhak, A. V. Nepomnyashchii, A. G. Savchuk, A. A. Ionin, S. I. Kudryashov, and S. V. Makarov, “Through nanohole formation in thin metallic film by single nanosecond laser pulses using optical dielectric apertureless probe,” Opt. Lett.38(9), 1452–1454 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Nakata, K. Tsuchida, N. Miyanaga, and H. Furusho, “Liquidly process in femtosecond laser processing,” Appl. Surf. Sci.255(24), 9761–9763 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Gubko, W. Husinsky, A. A. Ionin, S. I. Kudryashov, S. V. Makarov, C. R. Nathala, A. A. Rudenko, L. V. Seleznev, D. V. Sinitsyn, and I. V. Treshin, “Enhancement of ultrafast electron photoemission from metallic nanoantennas excited by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Laser Phys. Lett.11(6), 065301 (2014). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Reininghaus, D. Wortmann, Z. Cao, J. M. Hoffmann, and T. Taubner, “Fabrication and spectral tuning of standing gold infrared antennas using single fs-laser pulses,” Opt. Express21(26), 32176–32183 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. P. Moening and D. G. Georgiev, “Field-emission properties of sharp high-aspect-ratio gold cones formed via single pulse laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.100(4), 1013–1017 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. A. I. Kuznetsov, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, R. Kiyan, W. Cheng, A. Ovsianikov, and B. N. Chichkov, “Laser-induced transfer of metallic nanodroplets for plasmonics and metamaterial applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(12), 130–138 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Wysocki, J. Heitz, and D. Bäuerle, “Near-field optical nanopatterning of crystalline silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2025–2027 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. F. Intonti, V. Emiliani, C. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, “Low temperature near-field luminescence studies of localized and delocalized excitons in quantum wires,” J. Microsc.202(1), 193–201 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Saiki and K. Matsuda, “Near-field optical fiber probe optimized for illumination-collection hybrid mode operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(19), 2773–2775 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Müller and C. Lienau, “Three-dimensional analysis of light propagation through uncoated near-field fibre probes,” J. Microsc.202(2), 339–346 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. A. Kuchmizhak, S. O. Gurbatov, A. Nepomniaschii, O. B. Vitrik, and Yu. N. Kulchin, “High-quality fiber microaxicons fabricated by a modified chemical etching method for laser focusing and generation of Bessel-like beams,” Appl. Opt.53(5), 937–943 (2014). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. I. Emel’yanov, D. A. Zayarniy, A. A. Ionin, I. V. Kiseleva, S. I. Kudryashov, S. V. Makarov, T. H. T. Nguyen, and A. A. Rudenko, “Nanoscale hydrodynamic instability in a molten thin gold film induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” JETP Lett.99(9), 518–522 (2014). [CrossRef]
  19. Yu. N. Kulchin, O. B. Vitrik, A. A. Kuchmizhak, A. G. Savchuk, A. A. Nepomnyashchii, P. A. Danilov, D. A. Zayarnyi, A. A. Ionin, S. I. Kudryashov, S. V. Makarov, A. A. Rudenko, V. I. Yurovskikh, and A. A. Samokhin, “Formation of nanobumps and nanoholes in thin metal films by sharply focused nanosecond laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP119, 15–23 (2014).
  20. M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology18(23), 235704 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited