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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 16 — Aug. 11, 2014
  • pp: 19242–19251

Lasing threshold control in two-dimensional photonic crystals with gain

Sotiris Droulias, Chris Fietz, Peng Zhang, Thomas Koschny, and Costas M. Soukoulis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 16, pp. 19242-19251 (2014)

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We demonstrate how the lasing threshold of a two dimensional photonic crystal containing a four-level gain medium is modified, as a result of the interplay between the group velocity and the modal reflectivity at the interface between the cavity and the exterior. Depending on their relative strength and the optical density of states, we show how the lasing threshold may be dramatically altered inside a band or, most importantly, close to the band edge. The idea is realized via self-consistent calculations based on a finite-difference time-domain method. The simulations are in good agreement with theoretical predictions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3490) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, distributed-feedback
(050.1755) Diffraction and gratings : Computational electromagnetic methods
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: April 15, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 29, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 2, 2014
Published: August 1, 2014

Sotiris Droulias, Chris Fietz, Peng Zhang, Thomas Koschny, and Costas M. Soukoulis, "Lasing threshold control in two-dimensional photonic crystals with gain," Opt. Express 22, 19242-19251 (2014)

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