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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 17 — Aug. 25, 2014
  • pp: 20027–20037

Classical to quantum transfer of optical vortices

Verónica Vicuña-Hernández, Héctor Cruz-Ramírez, Roberto Ramírez-Alarcón, and Alfred B. U’Ren  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 17, pp. 20027-20037 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.020027


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Abstract

We show that an optical vortex beam, implemented classically, can be transferred to the transverse amplitude of a heralded single photon. For this purpose we have relied on the process of spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) for the generation of signal and idler photon pairs, using a pump in the form of a Bessel-Gauss (BG) beam with orbital angular momentum (specifically, with topological charge l = 1 and l = 2). We have designed our source so that it operates within the short SPDC crystal regime for which, the amplitude and phase of the pump may be transferred to a heralded single photon. In order to verify the vortex nature of our heralded single photon, we have shown that the conditional angular spectrum and the transverse intensity at the single-photon level match similar measurements carried out for the pump. In addition, we have shown that when our heralded single photon is diffracted through a triangular aperture, the far-field single-photon transverse intensity exhibits the expected triangular arrangement of intensity lobes associated with the presence of orbital angular momentum.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(050.4865) Diffraction and gratings : Optical vortices

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Citation
Verónica Vicuña-Hernández, Héctor Cruz-Ramírez, Roberto Ramírez-Alarcón, and Alfred B. U’Ren, "Classical to quantum transfer of optical vortices," Opt. Express 22, 20027-20037 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-17-20027


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