OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 2 — Jan. 27, 2014
  • pp: 1440–1451

Design of add-drop multiplexer based on multi-core optical fibers for mode-division multiplexing

Ming-Yang Chen and Jun Zhou  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 1440-1451 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.001440


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2796 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A multi-core fiber coupler is proposed to extract one of the modes in a few-mode optical fiber from a light beam, leaving the other modes undisturbed, and allowing a new signal to be retransmitted on that mode. Selective coupling of higher-order modes from a few-mode optical fiber can be realized by increasing the coupling length difference of the modes in the fiber using the multi-core configuration. Low cross-talk and wide bandwidth operation are realized owing to the fact that only one mode can be effectively coupled.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing

ToC Category:
Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: September 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 2, 2014
Published: January 15, 2014

Citation
Ming-Yang Chen and Jun Zhou, "Design of add-drop multiplexer based on multi-core optical fibers for mode-division multiplexing," Opt. Express 22, 1440-1451 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-2-1440


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Y. M. Chan, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, “Mode coupling dynamics and communication strategies for multi-core fiber systems,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4548–4563 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Multi-core fiber design and analysis: coupled-mode theory and coupled-power theory,” Opt. Express 19(26), B102–B111 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, “Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16576–16592 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15157–15170 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B77–B84 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, M. Kosihba, “12-core fiber with one ring structure for extremely large capacity transmission,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28398–28408 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16665–16671 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado-Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Large-capacity transmission over a 19-core fiber,” in OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), OW1I.3.
  9. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed Transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz Aggregate Spectral Efficiency,” in OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), Th.3.C.1.
  10. A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle., “6×56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6×6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16697–16707 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, N. Hanzawa, S. Tomita, F. Yamamoto, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Mode-Division Multiplexing Transmission System With DMD-Independent Low Complexity MIMO Processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(13), 2192–2199 (2013). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Bulow, “Optical-Mode Demultiplexing by Optical MIMO Filtering of Spatial Samples,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1045–1047 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16680–16696 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Kubota, T. Morioka, “Few-mode optical fiber for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(5), 490–494 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Xu, C. Peucheret, J. K. Lyngsø, L. Leick, “Two-mode multiplexing at 2 × 10.7 Gbps over a 7-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12449–12456 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Inan, B. Spinnler, F. Ferreira, D. van den Borne, A. Lobato, S. Adhikari, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, N. Hanik, S. L. Jansen, “DSP complexity of mode-division multiplexed receivers,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10859–10869 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. Stepniak, L. Maksymiuk, J. Siuzdak, “Binary-Phase Spatial Light Filters for Mode-Selective Excitation of Multimode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(13), 1980–1987 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Low-Loss Mode Coupler for Mode-Multiplexed transmission in Few-Mode Fiber,” in OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), PDP5B.5.
  22. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2×100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16593–16600 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. von Hoyningen-Huene, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, “LCoS-based mode shaper for few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18097–18110 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Carpenter, T. D. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(10), 1386–1392 (2012). [CrossRef]
  25. J. Xing, Z. Li, X. Xiao, J. Yu, Y. Yu, “Two-mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3468–3470 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4709–4716 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. K. Aoki, A. Okamoto, Y. Wakayama, A. Tomita, S. Honma, “Selective multimode excitation using volume holographic mode multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 769–771 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013). [CrossRef]
  29. H. Qiu, H. Yu, T. Hu, G. Jiang, H. Shao, P. Yu, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Silicon mode multi/demultiplexer based on multimode grating-assisted couplers,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17904–17911 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012). [CrossRef]
  31. S. Kwang-Yong, K. Byoung Yoon, “Broad-band LP02 mode excitation using a fused-type mode-selective coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1734–1736 (2003). [CrossRef]
  32. C. P. Yu, J. H. Liou, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, “Mode multiplexer for multimode transmission in multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12673–12678 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Pham, T. A. Birks, “All-fiber LP11 mode convertors,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 306–308 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. G. Lin, X. Dong, “Design of broadband LP01↔LP02 mode converter based on special dual-core fiber for dispersion compensation,” Appl. Opt. 51(19), 4388–4393 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. C. P. Tsekrekos, D. Syvridis, “All-Fiber Broadband LP02 Mode Converter for Future Wavelength and Mode Division Multiplexing Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1638–1641 (2012). [CrossRef]
  36. H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013). [CrossRef]
  37. K. S. Nobutomo Hanzawa, Taiji Sakamoto,Kyozo Tsujikawa,Takui Uematsu,Masanori Koshiba,and Fumihiko Yamamoto, “Three-mode PLC-type multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission.”
  38. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. D. A. B. Miller, “Reconfigurable add-drop multiplexer for spatial modes,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20220–20229 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, “Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(10), 2639–2649 (1993). [CrossRef]
  41. G. R. Hadley, “Transparent boundary condition for beam propagation,” Opt. Lett. 16(9), 624–626 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, “Polarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12(17), 3940–3946 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy, “Design of narrow band-pass filters based on the resonant-tunneling phenomenon in multi-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10327–10335 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. D. K. C. Wu, B. T. Kuhlmey, B. J. Eggleton, “Ultrasensitive photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 322–324 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. W.-P. Huang, “Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides: an overview,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11(3), 963–983 (1994). [CrossRef]
  46. S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited