OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 2 — Jan. 27, 2014
  • pp: 1629–1635

Carrier-envelope offset locking with a 2f-to-3f self-referencing interferometer using a dual-pitch PPLN ridge waveguide

Kenichi Hitachi, Atsushi Ishizawa, Tadashi Nishikawa, Masaki Asobe, and Tetsuomi Sogawa  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 1629-1635 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.001629


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1378 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate that a 2f-to-3f self-referencing interferometer (SRI) becomes a useful tool for stabilizing a carrier-envelope offset frequency of an Er-doped fiber laser. A dual-pitch periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) ridge waveguide, consisting of two monolithically integrated segments with different quasi-phase matching pitch sizes, allows us to generate third-harmonic light with high efficiency. By using this device, we obtain a 45-dB signal-to-noise ratio in 100-kHz bandwidth of a heterodyne beat signal and instability of the in-loop fCEO of 8 × 10−18 at 1 s of averaging time. This result is important for fCEO stabilization of a frequency comb, for which it is difficult to obtain a one-octave supercontinuum spectrum.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(140.3425) Lasers and laser optics : Laser stabilization
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation
(230.7405) Optical devices : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 27, 2013
Published: January 16, 2014

Citation
Kenichi Hitachi, Atsushi Ishizawa, Tadashi Nishikawa, Masaki Asobe, and Tetsuomi Sogawa, "Carrier-envelope offset locking with a 2f-to-3f self-referencing interferometer using a dual-pitch PPLN ridge waveguide," Opt. Express 22, 1629-1635 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-2-1629


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy: application to human breath analysis,” Opt. Express16(4), 2387–2397 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, J. Caraquitena, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line shaping for optical and microwave arbitrary waveform generations,” Laser and Photon. Rev.2(4), 227–248 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science326(5953), 681 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, A. Mizutori, H. Takara, S. Aozasa, A. Mori, H. Nakano, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Octave-spanning frequency comb generated by 250 fs pulse train emitted from 25 GHz externally phase-modulated laser diode for carrier-envelope-offset-locking,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1343–1344 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, A. Mizutori, H. Takara, H. Nakano, T. Sogawa, A. Takada, and M. Koga, “Generation of 120-fs laser pulses at 1-GHz repetition rate derived from continuous wave laser diode,” Opt. Express19(23), 22402–22409 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, A. Mizutori, H. Takara, A. Takada, T. Sogawa, and M. Koga, “Phase-noise characteristics of a 25-GHz-spaced optical frequency comb based on a phase- and intensity-modulated laser,” Opt. Express21(24), 29186–29194 (2013). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science332(6029), 555–559 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(26), 263901 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Nonlinear optics with phase-controlled pulses in the sub-two-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(24), 5462–5465 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. M. Ramond, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and A. Bartels, “Phase-coherent link from optical to microwave frequencies by means of the broadband continuum from a 1-GHz Ti:sapphire femtosecondoscillator,” Opt. Lett.27(20), 1842–1844 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.28(17), 1516–1518 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. W. Nicholson, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Integrated fiber-frequency comb using a PPLN waveguide for spectral broadening and CEO phase detection,” Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO), Long Beach, CA, USA, May 2006, paper CTuH5.
  17. C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Generation of octave-spanning spectra inside reverse-photon-exchanged periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett.32(17), 2478–2480 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, and A. N. Luiten, “Frequency stabilisation of a fibre-laser comb using a novel microstructured fibre,” Opt. Express17(7), 5897–5904 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett.29(3), 250–252 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. Hitachi, A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Asobe, and T. Sogawa, “Periodically poled lithium niobate ridge waveguides with high conversion efficiency for 2f-to-3f self-referencing interferometer,” Elec. Lett.49(2), 145–146 (2013). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Elec. Lett.39(7), 609–610 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, S. Aozasa, A. Mori, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and H. Nakano, “Demonstration of carrier envelope offset locking with low pulse energy,” Opt. Express16(7), 4706–4712 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited