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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3244–3260

Third-order antibunching from an imperfect single-photon source

Martin J. Stevens, Scott Glancy, Sae Woo Nam, and Richard P. Mirin  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3244-3260 (2014)

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We measure second- and third-order temporal coherences, g(2)(τ) and g(3)(τ1,τ2), of an optically excited single-photon source: an InGaAs quantum dot in a microcavity pedestal. Increasing the optical excitation power leads to an increase in the measured count rate, and also an increase in multi-photon emission probability. We show that standard measurements of g(2) provide limited information about this multi-photon probability, and that more information can be gained by simultaneously measuring g(3). Experimental results are compared with a simple theoretical model to show that the observed antibunchings are consistent with an incoherent addition of two sources: 1) an ideal single-photon source that never emits multiple photons and 2) a background cavity emission having Poissonian photon number statistics. Spectrally resolved cross-correlation measurements between quantum-dot and cavity modes show that photons from these two sources are largely uncorrelated, further supporting the model. We also analyze the Hanbury Brown-Twiss interferometer implemented with two or three “click” detectors, and explore the conditions under which it can be used to accurately measure g(2)(τ) and g(3)(τ1,τ2).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

Original Manuscript: November 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2014
Published: February 4, 2014

Virtual Issues
April 21, 2014 Spotlight on Optics

Martin J. Stevens, Scott Glancy, Sae Woo Nam, and Richard P. Mirin, "Third-order antibunching from an imperfect single-photon source," Opt. Express 22, 3244-3260 (2014)

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