OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 3325–3333

Highly efficient picosecond diamond Raman laser at 1240 and 1485 nm

Aravindan M. Warrier, Jipeng Lin, Helen M. Pask, Richard P. Mildren, David W. Coutts, and David J. Spence  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 3325-3333 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2289 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a highly efficient picosecond diamond Raman laser synchronously-pumped by a 4.8 W mode-locked laser at 1064 nm. A ring cavity was adopted for efficient operation. With a low-Q cavity for first-Stokes 1240 nm, we have achieved 2.75 W output power at 1240 nm with 59% overall conversion efficiency. The slope efficiency tended towards 76% far above the SRS threshold, approaching the SRS quantum limit for diamond. A high-Q first-Stokes cavity was employed for second-Stokes 1485 nm generation through the combined processes of four-wave mixing and single-pass stimulated Raman scattering. Up to 1.0 W of second-stokes at 1485 nm was obtained, corresponding to 21% overall conversion efficiency. The minimum output pulse duration was compressed relative to the 15 ps pump, producing pulses as short as 9 ps for 1240 nm and 6 ps for 1485 nm respectively.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3550) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Raman
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: December 17, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 19, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 19, 2014
Published: February 4, 2014

Aravindan M. Warrier, Jipeng Lin, Helen M. Pask, Richard P. Mildren, David W. Coutts, and David J. Spence, "Highly efficient picosecond diamond Raman laser at 1240 and 1485 nm," Opt. Express 22, 3325-3333 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(1), 3–56 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron.28(2), 113–143 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.32(3-4), 121–158 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. B. I. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A2(1), 60–72 (1970). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Erný and H. Jelínková, “Near-quantum-limit efficiency of picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett.27(5), 360–362 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Weitz, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Passively mode-locked picosecond Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.9829), 091122 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, “Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2–amplifiers,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(8), 589–592 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. G. G. Grigoryan and S. B. Sogomonyan, “Synchronously pumped picosecond Raman laser utilizing a LiIO3 crystal,” Soviet J Quantum Electron.19(11), 1402–1404 (1989). [CrossRef]
  9. E. Granados, H. M. Pask, and D. J. Spence, “Synchronously pumped continuous-wave mode-locked yellow Raman laser at 559 nm,” Opt. Express17(2), 569–574 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. J. Spence, E. Granados, and R. P. Mildren, “Mode-locked picosecond diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Lett.35(4), 556–558 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Granados, D. J. Spence, and R. P. Mildren, “Deep ultraviolet diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Express19(11), 10857–10863 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Granados, H. M. Pask, E. Esposito, G. McConnell, and D. J. Spence, “Multi-wavelength, all-solid-state, continuous wave mode locked picosecond Raman laser,” Opt. Express18(5), 5289–5294 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. P. Mildren, “Intrinsic optical properties of diamond,” in Optical Engineering of Diamond (Wiley, 2013), 1–34.
  14. T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Comparative spontaneous Raman spectroscopy of crystals for Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt.38(3), 594–598 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J.-P. M. Feve, K. E. Shortoff, M. J. Bohn, and J. K. Brasseur, “High average power diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 913–922 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. McKay, H. Liu, O. Kitzler, and R. P. Mildren, “An efficient 14.5 W diamond Raman laser at high pulse repetition rate with first (1240 nm) and second (1485 nm) Stokes output,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(10), 105801 (2013). [CrossRef]
  17. R. P. Mildren, A. Sabella, O. Kitzler, D. J. Spence, and A. M. McKay, “Diamond Raman laser design and performance,” in Optical Engineering of Diamond (Wiley, 2013), pp. 239–276.
  18. A. Sabella, J. A. Piper, and R. P. Mildren, “1240 nm diamond Raman laser operating near the quantum limit,” Opt. Lett.35(23), 3874–3876 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett.17(14), 1006–1008 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. Granados and D. J. Spence, “Pulse compression in synchronously pumped mode locked Raman lasers,” Opt. Express18(19), 20422–20427 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, L. I. Ivleva, S. N. Smetanin, M. Jelínek, V. Kubeček, and H. Jelínková, “Four-wave-mixing generation of SRS components in BaWO4 and SrWO4 crystals under picosecond excitation,” Prog. Quantum Electron.43(7), 616–620 (2013).
  22. R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, “Theory of Stokes pulse shapes in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A2(1), 60–72 (1970). [CrossRef]
  23. J. R. Murray, J. Goldhar, D. Eimerl, and A. Szoke, “Raman pulse compression of excimer lasers for application to laser fusion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.15(5), 342–368 (1979). [CrossRef]
  24. S. F. Morozov, L. V. Piskunova, M. M. Sushchik, and G. I. Freĭdman, “Formation and amplification of quasi-soliton pulses in head-on stimulated scattering,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.8(5), 576–580 (1978). [CrossRef]
  25. D. S. Chunaev and A. Y. Karasik, “Temporal characteristics of picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in oxide crystals,” Laser Phys.16(12), 1668–1671 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited